Reduction of mycotoxins and toxigenic fungi in the Mediterranean basin maize chain
MetadataShow full item record
The main mycotoxigenic fungi found in maize in the Mediterranean basin include Aspergillus section Flavi and several Fusarium species, Fusarium section Liseola being the more widespread. While Aspergillus section Flavi species can develop in the field or in stored maize in Mediterranean countries, Fusarium species colonise maize ears in the field. As a consequence, fumonisins are the major contaminants in Mediterranean maize, together with aflatoxins. The prevalence of Fusarium section Liseola in the Mediterranean countries is closely linked to the activity of insects such as Sesamia nonagrioides and Ostrinia nubilalis. The incidence of the different mycotoxigenic fungi and mycotoxins across the Mediterranean countries is extensively reviewed in this work. Furthermore, both pre- and postharvest strategies to reduce the presence of such toxins in the maize chain are described. Finally, the incidence and levels of mycotoxins encountered in maize products intended for direct human consumption in the Mediterranean countries are also assessed; they are much lower than those in maize grain as a result of food processing technologies.
Is part ofPhytopathologia Mediterranea, 2012, vol. 51, núm. 1, p. 93-118
European research projects
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as cc-by-nc-nd (c) Firenze University Press, 2012
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Impact of cycling temperatures on Fusarium verticillioides and Fusarium graminearum growth and mycotoxins production in soybean García, Daiana; Barros, Germán; Chulze, Sofía; Ramos Girona, Antonio J.; Sanchís Almenar, Vicente; Marín Sillué, Sònia (Wiley, 2012)Fusarium graminearum and F. verticillioides are two very important mycotoxigenic species as they cause diverse diseases in crops. The effects of constant and cycling temperatures on growth and mycotoxin production of these ...
The role of mycotoxins in the human exposome: Application of mycotoxin biomarkers in exposome-health studies Marín Sillué, Sònia; Cano Sancho, German; Sanchís Almenar, Vicente; Ramos Girona, Antonio J. (Elsevier, 2018-09-19)Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by fungi that may contaminate different foods intended for human consumption, resulting in a widespread exposure worldwide. The novel exposome paradigm has the ambition to ...
Aflatoxins and ochratoxin A in pistachios sampled in Spain: occurrence and presence of mycotoxigenic fungi Fernane, F.; Cano Sancho, German; Sanchís Almenar, Vicente; Marín Sillué, Sònia; Ramos Girona, Antonio J. (Taylor & Francis, 2010)A survey of the fungal contamination and occurrence of aflatoxins and ochratoxin A (OTA) in 50 pistachio nutsamples collected from commercial stores around Catalonia (Spain) was carried out.Aspergillus flavuswas foundin ...