Grup de Recerca en Arqueologia, Prehistòria i Història Antiga (GRAPHA) (INDEST)

Permanent URI for this collection

El grup centra la seva activitat en el nord-est peninsular i el golf de Lleó, des de la Prehistòria recent fins a l'Antiguitat tardana (3500 ac-500 dc). Els diferents projectes s'emmarquen en una estratègia de R+D+i en la recerca, la recuperació i la presentació del patrimoni arqueològic i d'implantació en el desenvolupament local i territorial, potenciant la interdisciplinarietat i l'aplicació de les noves tecnologies, tant en la gestió de la documentació (sistema integral de registre), com en la difusió dels resultats mitjançant 3D, RV i RA oferint productes en format web, vídeo i DVD. [Més informació]


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
  • Item
    Carbon isotope composition of fossil charcoal reveals aridity changes in the NW Mediterranean Basin
    (Blackwell Publishing, 2006) Ferrio Díaz, Juan Pedro; Alonso, Natàlia; López, Joan (López i Melcion); Araus Ortega, José Luis; Voltas Velasco, Jordi
    Although several proxies for the inference of precipitation have been proposed, evidence of changes in aridity during the Holocene is scarce, and most is only qualitative. Moreover, precipitation regimes show relatively poor spatial correlations and can exhibit contrasting responses to global climate trends in different areas. Thus, there is a need to concentrate efforts at the local scale in order to increase the spatial resolution of palaeoclimate records, especially regarding water availability in semiarid zones. We propose the analysis of carbon isotope composition (d13C) in fossil charcoal (routinely recovered from archaeological sites) to quantify changes in water availability in the past. We applied this approach to reconstruct variations in aridity during the last four millennia in the Ebro Depression (NE Iberian Peninsula). First, we studied the effect of carbonization over a range of temperatures (300-500 1C) on the d13C of Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) wood cores, collected from nine locations in NE Iberian Peninsula with distinct water availability. Despite significant changes in d13C caused by carbonization, the original climatic signal of wood d13C was well preserved. Moreover, d13C shifts induced by this process were successfully corrected by accounting for variation in charcoal carbon concentration (%C). After removing the effect of carbonization, we estimated annual precipitation (P) and the ratio between annual precipitation and evapotranspiration (P/E) from the d13C of fossil charcoal. In general, estimated water availability in the past was higher than present values, indicating that latter-day (semiarid) conditions are mostly due to recent climate changes. The good agreement between our findings and other evidence indicates that the analysis of d13C in charcoal may be useful to expand current palaeoclimate records as it provides a complementary (and quantitative) source of information to assess climate dynamics.