Articles publicats (Llengües i Literatures Estrangeres)

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    Open Access
    The contribution of aspectual auxiliary verbs to the factual value of verb periphrases in Spanish: An empirical study
    (Asociación Española de Lingüística de Corpus / Spanish Association for Corpus Linguistics, 2024) Fernández Montraveta, Ana María; Vázquez García, Glòria; Curell i Gotor, Hortènsia
    This paper presents the results of a corpus-based study on the contribution of Spanish aspectual auxiliary verbs to the factual interpretation of the predicates they modify and with which they constitute the verb complex (a verb periphrasis, VP). The study was carried out as part of a project that, based on linguistic knowledge, aimed at automatizing the annotation of the factual status of texts in this language. We analyzed 674 sentences in European Spanish extracted fromfour corpora, where 28 VPs were represented, considering only indicative tenses. Interestingly, the results show that, although one of the most important aspects that affects the factual interpretation in sentences with VPs is the verb tense of the auxiliary, in a few VPs, the type of auxiliary changes the factual value expected for the VP taking into account the tense used. Finally, based on the data under analysis, the study concludes that it is feasible to state general rules to automate the annotation of factuality for most of the aspectual VPs studied.
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    Open Access
    La factualidad y las oraciones condicionales en español: Un estudio de corpus
    (Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 2024-05-07) Barrios Vicente, Leyre; Vázquez García, Glòria
    Al describir una situación (un evento o un estado) expresamos el grado de certeza (factualidad) que poseemos sobre dicha situación, presentándola como cierta, incierta o no cierta. En este artículo analizamos el valor factual de las dos cláusulas de cerca de 500 oraciones condicionales en español con si procedentes de distintos periódicos españoles. Nuestra hipótesis es que es posible determinar la factualidad en estas oraciones teniendo en cuenta la presencia de si y los tiempos verbales de las prótasis y las apódosis. El objetivo es crear reglas formales para anotar de forma automática los valores factuales de las cláusulas de estas oraciones. Con ello, se pretende contribuir a la representación y al análisis de la factualidad de los eventos mencionados en un texto dentro de los ámbitos de la lingüística de corpus y el procesamiento del lenguaje natural. Además, se han identificado 20 combinaciones temporales que no habían sido descritas anteriormente.
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    Open Access
    The Development of Pragmatic Markers in English as a Second Language: Do Age and Learning Context Matter?
    (MDPI, 2024-03-22) Sánchez-Hernández, Ariadna; Barón Parés, Júlia; Llanes, Àngels
    The present study explores the development of pragmatic marker (PM) use by children and adult L2 English learners in two learning contexts: study abroad (SA) and at home (AH). The study involved a group of 35 Catalan/Spanish girls (aged 11 to 13) learning English AH (n = 16) and abroad in Ireland (n = 19), and a group of 16 adult students aged 19–31 learning English in the UK and Ireland (n = 10) and at their home university in Barcelona (n = 6). To test their pragmatic development, the use of PMs was prompted through pre-test and post-test semi-structured interviews. The results indicated an effect of both age and context on PM development. Children in the SA context increased their use of some PMs, whereas their peers who remained at home did not show any development. Regarding the adults, both SA and AH participants increased their use of specific PMs. These findings shed some light on a topic that has not received scholarly attention in the field of L2 pragmatics: the development of PM use by children. Additionally, they contribute to the very small body of longitudinal studies on the development of PM use during SA.
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    Open Access
    This Is China and Shit Happens: Space in Rock, Paper, Tiger by Lisa Brackmann and Other Crime Narratives Set in China and Russia
    (McFarland & Company, 2015) Santaularia Capdevila, Isabel
    The author analyzes how crime fiction in English set in China or Russia partakes of a (neo/sino)orientalist discourse intent on perpetuating China and Russia’s status as evil empires. Thus, even though these novels criticize the West, they still sustain the old West/East divide and allow for some self- complacency in the appreciation of the West.
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    Open Access
    English in Spain: Education, attitudes and native-speakerism
    (John Wiley & Sons, 2024-04-06) Llurda, Enric; Mocanu, Vasilica
    Spain has traditionally featured rather low in the rankings measuring the knowledge of English by European citizens, and yet English has been constantly entering different areas of Spanish life and in all levels of education. This article delves into the efforts made at different levels of education to enable school graduates to communicate in English without difficulty. It focuses on how young people conceptualise English: their attitudes towards the language and to what extent they associate it with Inner Circle countries, or whether instead they see it as a tool for international communication. This discussion is complemented with an analysis of the pervasiveness of ‘native-speakerism’ in Spanish society, which we claim acts as another handicap to the normalisation of the use of English as a lingua franca by Spanish citizens in multicultural settings within and outside the country.