Articles publicats (Grup de Recerca Societat, Salut, Educació i Cultura (GESEC))

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    Open Access
    Tendencias de investigación sobre las TIC en el sector educativo colombiano: un estado del arte (2000-2021)
    (Editorial Neogranadina, 2022) Vanegas Niño, Luz Karime; Sanvicén, Paquita
    Es evidente cómo la tecnología en los últimos años ha venido evolucionando a un ritmo cada vez mayor, impactando diferentes ámbitos de la sociedad, entre ellas, la educación. Para reconocer cuál ha sido la incidencia de las Tecnologías de la Información y las Comunicaciones (tic) en la escuela colombiana, resulta valioso identificar las tendencias de investigación en el siglo xxi (2000-2021), que abordan este campo. De esta manera, en el presente estado del arte, resultado de una investigación doctoral, se realiza una búsqueda de artículos académicos en diferentes bases de datos, que abordan la relación tic-escuela básica y media en Colombia. Posteriormente, se realiza un análisis cualitativo y documental desde la perspectiva de la Teoría Fundamentada en tres momentos de codificación: abierta, axial y selectiva. Finalmente, resultado del análisis del corpus documental, compuesto por cuarentaiséis documentos, se vislumbran seis tendencias de investigación: aproximaciones históricas sobre las tic en la escuela; formación docente en tic; brecha digital; reconfiguraciones de la escuela; subjetividad juvenil y del maestro y factores de aprovechamiento de las tic en la escuela.
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    Open Access
    Percepciones de matronas de Atención Primaria sobre el uso de la telemedicina durante la pandemia COVID-19 en Espana
    (Elsevier, 2023) Loezar Hernández, Mariana; Briones Vozmediano, Erica Tula; Gea Sánchez, Montserrat; Robledo Martín, Juana; Otero García, Laura
    Objetivo Explorar las experiencias de matronas/es de atención primaria de salud (APS) con la implementación de la telemedicina en la atención al embarazo y puerperio durante la pandemia por COVID-19. Método Estudio cualitativo exploratorio basado en análisis de contenido inductivo de 15 entrevistas semiestructuradas realizadas a matronas/es de APS en 2021–2022, seleccionadas intencionalmente en cuatro Comunidades Autónomas españolas. Resultados Se identificaron cinco categorías: (1) cambios en la modalidad de atención en el embarazo y puerperio: priorización de mujeres embarazadas, puerperio desprotegido, aumento de visitas domiciliarias y declive de los grupos de educación parental, (2) implementación de la telemedicina en un escenario cambiante: el lado positivo y negativo de la telemedicina (3) reacción de las mujeres ante la telemedicina (4) estrategias implementadas por las matronas para un cuidado humanizado, (5) aprendizajes para el futuro. Conclusiones El uso de la telemedicina por parte de matronas de atención primaria posibilitó la atención de mujeres embarazadas y puérperas durante la pandemia en España. Los aspectos positivos de la puesta en marcha de este tipo de atención plantean posibilidades de cambio hacia un formato híbrido de atención sanitaria.
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    Open Access
    The Spanish Adaptation of the Palliative Performance Scale (Version 2) Among Cancer Patients at the End of Life: Psychometric Properties
    (Elsevier, 2017) Barallat Gimeno, Eva; Nabal Vicuña, Maria; Canal, Jaume; Trujillano Cabello, Javier; Gea Sánchez, Montserrat; Larkin, Philip; Downing, Michael G.
    Background Palliative Performance Scale (PPS) is a reliable tool to assess performance status in cancer patients receiving palliative care (PC). Spanish validated and culturally adapted tools are needed. Objectives The objectives are to develop PPS translation and cross-cultural adaptation into Spanish and to assess its psychometric properties. Design Translation process with cross-cultural adaptation to produce Spanish Palliative Performance Scale (PPS-SPANISH). Settings PC Team at one University hospital in Spain. Participants Fifteen advanced cancer patients (60 assessments) were included for PPS translation and validation and 250 patients for cross-sectional analysis. All participants were recruited at oncology ward, emergency area, and outpatient clinic by PC team professionals. Informed consent was given. Average age was 66.4 ± 13 years (60% men). Methods The process is designed in three steps. In Step 1, PPS translation and reverse translation into Spanish (three bilingual speakers) and linguistic complexity measurement were performed. In Step 2, readability and intelligibility assessment was carried out. In Step 3, a pilot study was conducted to assess test-retest reliability followed by a cross-sectional study to measure internal consistency. Inclusion criteria were the same for two samples. Demographic data were also analyzed by descriptive statistics. Results Following cultural, linguistic, and grammatical adaptation, PPS-SPANISH was readable and reliable. The analysis of the test-retest reliability after 48 hours showed intraclass correlations >0.60. Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.99 (0.988–0.992). There was high agreement with other functional assessment tools (Barthel Index and Karnofsky Performance Status Index). Conclusions PPS-SPANISH showed reliability and validity, and it is suitable to assess performance status in cancer patients receiving PC.
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    Open Access
    Testing the Intermediary Role of Perceived Stress in the Relationship between Mindfulness and Burnout Subtypes in a Large Sample of Spanish University Students
    (MDPI, 2020) Martínez Rubio, David; Sanabria Mazo, Juan P.; Feliu Soler, Albert; Colomer Carbonell, Ariadna; Martínez Brotóns, Cristina; Solé Cases, Silvia; Escamilla, Cristina; Giménez Fita, Elisa; Moreno, Yolanda; Pérez Aranda, Adrián; Luciano, Juan V.; Montero Marín, Jesús
    The burnout syndrome is the consequence of chronic stress that overwhelms an individual’s resources to cope with occupational or academic demands. Frenetic, under-challenged, and worn-out are different burnout subtypes. Mindfulness has been recognized to reduce stress, comprising five facets (observing, describing, acting with awareness, non-judging of inner experience, and non-reactivity to inner experience). This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the relationship between mindfulness facets, perceived stress, and burnout subtypes in a sample of 1233 students of Education, Nursing, and Psychology degrees from different universities of Valencia (Spain). Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) was computed showing an adequate fit (Chi-square, CFI, TLI, RMSEA, and SRMR). Four mindfulness facets (all but observing) significantly correlated with general second-order mindfulness. Unexpected results were found: Acting with awareness facet was positively associated with frenetic subtype, while the non-reacting facet was positively associated with frenetic and under-challenged subtype. Ultimately, mindfulness facets negatively predicted the perceived stress levels, which in turn, predicted burnout. However, mindfulness plays different roles in the early stages of burnout syndrome (i.e., frenetic and under-challenged).
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    Open Access
    Correction to: Type 2 diabetes-associated carotid plaque burden is increased in patients with retinopathy compared to those without retinopathy
    (BioMed Central, 2018) Alonso, Núria; Traveset Maeso, Alicia; Rubinat, Esther; Ortega, Emilio; Alcubierre Calvo, Núria; Sanahuja Montesinos, Jordi; Hernández García, Marta; Betriu i Bars, M. Àngels; Jurjo Campo, Carmen; Fernández i Giráldez, Elvira; Mauricio Puente, Dídac