- ItemOpen AccessHellenism and Models of Rhetoric in the Birth of Islamic Historiography(Edicions de la Universitat de Lleida, 2022) Melo Carrasco, Diego; Marín R., JoséAfter an overview of the Near East and the Fertile Crescent as a liminal (border) space where cultural transgressions and exchanges take place, this study aims to show how Hellenistic influences were present in the formation of Arab-Islamic historiography. We argue that the latter incorporated rhetorical and methodological notions already installed in the late Mediterranean and added them to strictly Semitic traditions. The interaction of two ‘parallel’ cultural worlds —the Hellenistic and the Islamic— is detected in the rhetorical uses expressed in historiographic production. The culmination of this process is exemplified in Al-Tabari.
- ItemOpen AccessFrom Historical Source to Identity Symbol. Julià Ribera and the Edition of the Llibre del Repartiment of Valencia (1929-1939)(Edicions de la Universitat de Lleida, 2022) Viciano, PauThe so-called Llibre del Repartiment (Book of Land Division), a record of the donations made by James I of Aragon following the conquest of the kingdom of Valencia, was already considered a fundamental historical source by Valencian historians in the 19th century. The edition made of this document by the archivist Pròsper de Bofarull in 1856 allowed its dissemination until the Arabist Julià Ribera, at the beginning of the twentieth century, highlighted its shortcomings and proposed the production of a new edition of a more scientific nature. In order to obtain the support of local institutions and private patronage, Ribera undertook a real campaign to spread the meaning of the Llibre del Repartiment throughout Valencian society, beyond the circle of historians and scholars. In this sense, the Arabist had to stimulate regionalist sentiment by emphasizing the symbolic dimension of the document as the founding myth of Christian Valencia. In this way, a process of transformation of the Llibre del Repartiment from a historical source to a symbol of identity began, in an unfinished process of mythification that was expanding from the conservative regionalist sphere to the incipient cultural and political Valencianism of the 1930s, until this process was halted by the impact of the Civil War.
- ItemOpen Access‘The Myth of the Primitive Aborigen’. History against Fiction around the Feudal Colonisation of the Kingdom of Valencia in the Thirteenth Century(Edicions de la Universitat de Lleida, 2022) Guinot Rodríguez, EnricDenial and conspiracy theorist ideas also find room in the field of history. This is what we today call pseudo-history, which is generally undertaken by people without methodological training in the historical field and often inspired by political and/or religious prejudice. This article examines the arguments presented by a non-academic pseudo-historical trend in Valencia, which denies the process of migration, repopulation and colonisation of the Kingdom of Valencia, founded by King James I in the 13th century, after the conquest of Sarq al Andalus by Catalonia and Aragon. They argue for the social, human, cultural and linguistic continuity of a ‘Valencian people and language’ dating back to the Iberian and Roman periods, which during the Andalusi period remained as a ‘Mozarab’ majority that acted as a transmission belt for this Christian people and language to the 21st century. The text examines two works written by different authors, and flags out their inconsistencies, lack of basic knowledge of medieval history and frequent internal contradictions, and emphasises the total lack of evidence, both written and archaeological, for their arguments, which are as a rule dismissed with expressions such as ‘it is easier to think that…’
- ItemOpen AccessA Military Assault on a Museum in Catalonia in the Twenty-First Century. Analysis of the Facts in their Context(Edicions de la Universitat de Lleida, 2022) Sabaté, FlocelThe Crown of Aragon, made up of a sum of territories, internally cohesive and institutionally autonomous under a single sovereign and later diluted within different nation-states, has bequeathed a fragmented and dispersed memory. On this basis, the unusual entry of the armed forces into a museum in Catalonia in 2017 under court order, to seize works of art claimed by the neighbouring region of Aragon, encourages an analysis of how the material patrimony and revisionism and distortion of the history of the medieval past of the Crown of Aragon are used, in the 21st century, by the regional authorities to seek cohesion within the region by provoking clashes with the neighbouring one, so breaking bonds of institutional, social and economic collaboration maintained since the 12th century.
- ItemOpen AccessThe Forms of Martyrdom: Elements for the Iconographic Study of the Morocco Protomartyrs in Portugal (Thirteenth-Sixteenth Centuries)(Edicions de la Universitat de Lleida, 2022) Pacheco, Milton Pedro DiasThe aim of the current article is to present the latest research endeavors dedicated to the hagiographic formulas from which the Protomartyrs of Morocco main artistic forms were conceived during the Late Middle Ages and the Early Modern Age in Portugal. Based on the analysis of the main documentary sources and the interpretation of the several artistic collections —mainly composed by reliquaries, paintings, and sculptures— it is possible to gather a set of specific elements to trace the iconographic major themes of the Five Franciscans martyrized in North Africa in 1220. Despite the evolution of devotional manifestations over time, the iconography maintained very conventional procedures, which are still evoked by the Catholic Church.