Comparing the emergence of Echinochloa crus-galli populations in different locations. Part I: Variations in emergence timing and behaviour of two populations

dc.contributor.authorRoyo-Esnal, Aritz
dc.contributor.authorOnofri, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorNecajeva, Jevgenija
dc.contributor.authorJensen, Peter K.
dc.contributor.authorEconomou, Garifalia
dc.contributor.authorTaab, Alireza
dc.contributor.authorSynowiec, Agnieszka
dc.contributor.authorCalha, Isabel M.
dc.contributor.authorAndersson, Lars
dc.contributor.authorUludag, Ahmet
dc.contributor.authorUremis, Ilhan
dc.contributor.authorMurdoch, Alistair J.
dc.contributor.authorTørresen, Kirsten S.
dc.description.abstractEchinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv. is one of the most important weeds. It is distributed worldwide and has adapted to diverse habitats and climatic conditions. This study aimed to compare the emergence patterns of two populations of E. crus-galli from different environments at 11 locations across Europe and the Middle East. Seeds of the two populations were collected from maize in Italy and from spring barley in Norway and were then buried in soil in autumn 2015. In the spring of 2016, the soil was disturbed around the usual seedbed preparation date in each location and emergence was recorded. The soil was again disturbed a year later and emergence was recorded for a second season. Total emergence, the times of onset, end and to 50% emergence and the period between 25% and 75% of emergence were analysed by two-way ANOVA and principal components analysis. The Italian population showed a higher emergence than the Norwegian population in Southern locations, while the ranking was reversed in Northern locations. In almost all locations, a tendency to emerge earlier was recorded for the Norwegian population, but the periods from 25% to 75% emergence were similar for both populations. Total emergence, and the times of onset and end of emergence seemed to be mainly under genotypic (plus maternal) control, suggesting there were different temperature thresholds for seedling emergence in each population. Conversely, the duration of emergence seemed to be mainly under environmental control. This research confirms the high variability between populations and suggests the need to continue identifying key characteristics for the development of efficient models for seedling emergence in specific climates and/or latitudes.ca_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors thank all the technicians, students and institutions that have contributed to establishing and maintaining the field experiment. We also thank Dr. Frank Forcella and James Eklund from the USDA‐ARS in Morris (MN) for providing the dataloggers and facilitating the collection of soil temperature data in each location. Our thanks also to the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness for funding to Royo‐Esnal through the AGL2017‐83325‐C4‐2‐R; Duzce Üniversitesi, Turkey, for funding to Uludag (Project No: 2015.11.02.375); and the Norwegian Research Funding for Agriculture and the Food Industry and project partners in Research Council of Norway Project no. 267700 for supporting Tørresen in the experiment. Uludag thanks his two graduate students Miss Buyukkurt and Zambak, and Murdoch thanks MSc student, Mr Guangxing Xie, who carried out the germination assays. Finally, the authors are also grateful to the European Weed Research Society for providing funds to enable the working group participants to meet and discuss the collaborative experiment.ca_ES
dc.publisherJohn Wiley and Sons Inc.ca_ES
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/AEI/Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2013-2016/AGL2017‐83325‐C4‐2‐R/ES/GESTION DE MALAS HIERBAS EN CEERALES Y VIÑA MEDIANTE LA INTEGRACION DE SISTEMAS DE MANEJO Y HERRAMIENTAS DE DECISION/ca_ES
dc.relation.isformatofReproducció del document publicat a
dc.relation.ispartofWeed Research, 2022, vol. 62, núm. 3, p. 192-202ca_ES
dc.rightscc-by-nc-nd (c) Royo et al., 2022ca_ES
dc.subjectBarnyard grassca_ES
dc.subjectClimate changeca_ES
dc.subjectTemperature thresholdsca_ES
dc.subject.otherCanvi climàticca_ES
dc.titleComparing the emergence of Echinochloa crus-galli populations in different locations. Part I: Variations in emergence timing and behaviour of two populationsca_ES
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