Approach to demography of ALS-resistant glebionis coronaria as influenced by management factors: tillage, allelopathic crops and herbicides

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Hada, Zeineb
Khammassi, Messaad
Jenfaoui, Houda
Menchari, Yosra
Torra Farré, JoelTorra Farré, Joel - ORCID ID
Souissi, Thouraya
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cc-by (c) Hada., 2022
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Glebionis coronaria (L.) Cass. ex Spach is one of the most serious weeds in cereal crops in Northern Tunisia. Our previous studies have confirmed the presence of resistance to ALS-inhibiting herbicides in G. coronaria, showing the evolution of cross-resistance through TS and NTS mechanisms. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of (i) two tillage practices (conventional tillage and reduced tillage), (ii) three known allelopathic crops: Hordeum vulgare L. (Barley), Brassica napus L. (Rapeseed) and Triticum durum (Wheat) and (iii) herbicides belonging to different modes of action on the density, the cohort numbers and the growth of an ALS-inhibiting cross-resistant population of G. coronaria. Field experiments were conducted in two consecutive years (2017–2018 and 2018–2019) in the Fritissa-Mateur-Bizerte region. Our results revealed that barley considerably contributed to the decrease in G. coronaria’s density, cohort number, total biomass accumulation and plant height. The effect of rapeseed is likely dependent on the tillage practice and the timing of herbicide application, while G. coronaria could be successfully controlled in wheat using auxin herbicides. It is suggested that the management of resistant population of G. coronaria could be achieved by combining barely or rapeseed with right tillage practice and auxin herbicides’ application.
Journal or Serie
Agronomy, 2022, vol. 12, núm. 5, p. 1-16