Does input modality matter when learning vocabulary in English as a foreign language?

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Gené Giron, Rosa
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Llanes Baró, Àngels
Universitat de Lleida. Facultat d'Educació, Psicologia i Treball Social
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Second Language Acquisition (SLA) is an important reality in the students’ language learning process. Findings in SLA research indicate that input mode plays a crucial role when learning a second language (L2). Teachers and professors need to implement the most effective input mode (listening-only, reading-while-listening or reading-only) in their foreign language (FL) classroom for teaching and achieving visible learning gains in the students’ vocabulary knowledge. The main purpose of this study is to solve one conflict observed in several groups of 1st ESO students: the teaching of L2 English vocabulary following the traditional method and without contextualizing the new words. The innovation proposal consists of investigating the role of input modality when learning L2 English vocabulary in a FL classroom and proposing the activities implemented in class as possible models to be incorporated in the FL classroom to motivate students to learn English vocabulary. Three classes of approximately 20 Catalan/Spanish students who were finishing their first year of Obligatory Secondary Education were examined. A mixed version of The Updated Vocabulary Levels Test (Webb, Sasao, & Balance, 2017) and a satisfaction questionnaire were used to collect data about L2 English vocabulary learning. This paper illustrates which the most efficient input mode to learn L2 English vocabulary in the FL classroom is. All in all, this study can be applied to diverse educational institutions utilizing different input modes to teach vocabulary.
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