Economic valuation of non-material contributions to people provided by avian scavengers: Harmonizing conservation and wildlife-based tourism

dc.contributor.authorGarcía Jiménez, Ruth
dc.contributor.authorMorales-Reyes, Zebensui
dc.contributor.authorPérez García, Juan Manuel
dc.contributor.authorMargalida, Antoni
dc.date.accessioned2021-09-01T09:06:56Z
dc.date.available2021-09-01T09:06:56Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.description.abstractNature's contributions to people (NCP) are fundamental to human well-being. In particular, non-material NCP, defined as effects on personal perspectives which enhance people's quality of life, are currently the most abstract and least well-defined NCP. Avian scavengers are a globally threatened guild that plays a key role in our society but currently only valued for their NCP of disease control and carcass removal. We describe the first economic valuation of the recreational and educational experiences brought by avian scavenger-based tourism in Spain, concretely, at vulture supplementary feeding sites (SFS) in the Pyrenees and their important contribution to the incomes of the local human population. Between February 2018 and January 2020, we collected information on the management and characteristics of 53 (c. 80%) of the Pyrenean SFS using telephone interviews and questionnaires. We estimated that photography and avian scavenger-watching at SFS produce an average of US $4.90 ± 2.67 million annually, including US $2.53 ± 1.36 million in direct economic benefits to the local population. Using a conservative economic approach, this study is one of only a few to value some of the important nonmaterial contribution provided by avian scavengers to our society. Our study also suggests that further research on non-material NCP provided by avian scavengers at SFS is needed. Finally, we discuss the delicate balance between recreational experiences arising from wildlife-based tourism and biodiversity conservation, contrasting the contribution of SFS to the income of local human populations against the problems they raise for vulture conservation.ca_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipWe are very grateful to all the SFS owners, managers, and visitors surveyed for their time and interest in participating in this study. D García (Generalitat of Catalunya), M Alcantara, ´ JM Martínez-Gonzalez, J Ruicio and JA Ses´e (Government of Aragon), ´ A Llamas and M Lopez ´ (Government of Navarra), M Razin (LPO), P Oliva (UdL), the forestry rangers of Generalitat of Catalunya and Government of Aragon, ´ Tremp and Laspuna ˜ city councils, the institutions Estacio ´ Biologica ` del Pallars Jussa, ` Fundacio ´ Catalunya-LaPedrera-Aub`erria, L'Altre Pallars SL, Associacio ´ La Trenca, Roc Falcon SLU, Parque faunístico de los Pirineos Lacuniacha, Fondo Amigos del Buitre, Asociacion ´ Bonansa Activa, MonNatura ´ Pirineus, and the national park of Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici and the natural parc of Cadí-Moixero ´ provided data about the Pyrenean SFS. We do especially acknowledge M Grasa, JA Ses´e, J Canut, A Royo, M Aguilera, S Sancho, L Sanchez, ´ S Garrigos, ` D Manzanera, J Dalmau and E Rojas who developed part of the fieldwork. JA Ses´e also helped to improve a first draft of the questionnaire. The comments of two anonymous reviewers improved a previous version of this article. This study was funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness (project CGL2015-66966-C2-2-R), Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (project RTI2018-099609- B-C22), and European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) through the INTERREG V - A - Espana ˜ - Francia - Andorra (POCTEFA 2014 - 2020 program, project ECOGYP EFA 089/15). RGJ was supported by a predoctoral grant (FPI/BES-2016-077510) granted by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness. ZMR was supported by a postdoctoral contract cofunded by the Generalitat Valenciana and the European Social Fund (APOSTD/2019/016).ca_ES
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2021.107088
dc.identifier.issn0921-8009
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10459.1/71778
dc.language.isoengca_ES
dc.publisherElsevierca_ES
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MINECO//CGL2015-66966-C2-2-R/ES/SOSTENIBILIDAD, SERVICIOS ECOSISTEMICOS Y CARROÑEROS EN SISTEMAS AGROGANADEROS: INTEGRANDO ECOLOGIA DEL MOVIMIENTO, MODELOS DE POBLACIONES Y PERCEPCION SOCIAL/ca_ES
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/AEI/Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2017-2020/RTI2018-099609-B-C22/ES/EFECTO DE LOS CAMBIOS EN LAS PRACTICAS GANADERAS EXTESNIVAS EN LA DINAMICA POBLACIONAL Y ECOLOGIA DE FORRAJEO DE LAS AVES CARROÑERAS EN PIRINEOS/ca_ES
dc.relation.isformatofReproducció del document publicat a https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2021.107088ca_ES
dc.relation.ispartofEcological Economics, 2021, vol. 187, 107088ca_ES
dc.rightscc-by-nc-nd (c) García Jiménez et al., 2021ca_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessca_ES
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectConservation economicsca_ES
dc.subjectCultural ecosystem servicesca_ES
dc.subjectEcotourismca_ES
dc.subjectVulture restaurantca_ES
dc.subjectVulturesca_ES
dc.titleEconomic valuation of non-material contributions to people provided by avian scavengers: Harmonizing conservation and wildlife-based tourismca_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articleca_ES
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersionca_ES
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