Enhancing the gastrointestinal stability of curcumin by using sodium alginate-based nanoemulsions containing natural emulsifiers

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Teixé Roig, Júlia
Oms Oliu, GemmaOms Oliu, Gemma - ORCID ID
Odriozola Serrano, IsabelOdriozola Serrano, Isabel - ORCID ID
Martín Belloso, OlgaMartín Belloso, Olga - ORCID ID
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cc-by (c) Teixé et al., 2022
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Curcumin presents interesting biological activities but low chemical stability, so it has been incorporated into different emulsion-based systems in order to increase its bioaccessibility. Many strategies are being investigated to increase the stability of these systems. Among them, the use of polysaccharides has been seen to highly improve the emulsion stability but also to modulate their digestibility and the release of the encapsulated compounds. However, the effect of these polysaccharides on nanoemulsions depends on the presence of other components. Then, this work aimed to study the effect of alginate addition at different concentrations (0-1.5%) on the gastrointestinal fate and stability of curcumin-loaded nanoemulsions formulated using soybean lecithin or whey protein as emulsifiers. Results showed that, in the absence of polysaccharides, whey protein was more effective than lecithin in preventing curcumin degradation during digestion and its use also provided greater lipid digestibility and higher curcumin bioaccessibility. The addition of alginate, especially at ≥1%, greatly prevented curcumin degradation during digestion up to 23% and improved the stability of nanoemulsions over time. However, it reduced lipid digestibility and curcumin bioaccessibility. Our results provide relevant information on the use of alginate on different emulsifier-based nanoemulsions to act as carriers of curcumin.
Journal or Serie
International Journal Of Molecular Sciences, 2023, vol. 24 (1), 498