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dc.contributor.authorÁlvarez Palau, Eduard
dc.contributor.authorDíez Minguela, Alfonso
dc.contributor.authorMartí Henneberg, Jordi
dc.date.accessioned2022-11-24T14:09:47Z
dc.date.available2022-11-24T14:09:47Z
dc.date.issued2021-06-05
dc.identifier.issn0145-5532
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10459.1/84326
dc.description.abstractThis study explores the relationship between railroad integration and regional development on the European periphery between 1870 and 1910, based on a regional dataset including 291 spatial units. Railroad integration is proxied by railroad density, while per capita GDP is used as an indicator of economic development. The period under study is of particular relevance as it has been associated with the second wave of railroad construction in Europe and also coincides with the industrialization of most of the continent. Overall, we found that railroads had a significant and positive impact on the growth of per capita GDP across Europe. The magnitude of this relationship appears to be relatively modest, but the results obtained are robust with respect to a number of different specifications. From a geographical perspective, we found that railroads had a significantly greater influence on regions located in countries on the northern periphery of Europe than in other outlying areas. They also helped the economies of these areas to begin the process of catching up with the continent's industrialized core. In contrast, the regions on the southern periphery showed lower levels of economic growth, with this exacerbating the pre-existing divergence in economic development. Furthermore, these phenomena were not only observed between states but also between, and even within, the regions of individual countries. The most northerly located countries began their networks by first connecting their main cities. After that, they expanded them outwards, and into their more rural, northern territories, in a process that facilitated the spread of development. In the states of southern Europe, on the other hand, the expansion of the railroad network was unable to homogenize the diffusion of economic development and, if anything, tended to further benefit the regions that were already industrialized. In all of the cases studied, the capital effect was magnified, and this contributed to the consolidation of newly created nation states.
dc.description.sponsorshipFunding was provided by Ministerio de Economía y Competitvidad (ECO2015 65049 C12-1-P; ECO2015 71534 REDT), Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades (PGC2018-095821-B-I00), and University of Lleida-INDEST.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherCambridge University Press on behalf of the Social Science History Association
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MINECO//ECO2015-71534-REDT/ES/GLOBALIZACION, CRECIMIENTO Y DESIGUALDAD. (SICLOS XIX-XXI)/
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/AEI/Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2017-2020/PGC2018-095821-B-I00/ES/GEOGRAFIA, CAPACIDAD ESTATAL Y CAMBIO ECONOMICO. UNA APROXIMACION ESPACIAL AL DESARROLLO Y SUS DETERMINANTES EN LAS ECONOMIAS PERIFERICAS (SIGLOS XIX-XXI)/
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MINECO//ECO2015-65049-C2-1-P/ES/DESIGUALDAD REGIONAL EN EUROPA Y AMERICA: TENDENCIAS DE LARGO PLAZO Y FACTORES EXPLICATIVOS (1890-2010)/
dc.relation.isformatofReproducció del document publicat a: https://doi.org/10.1017/ssh.2021.1
dc.relation.ispartofSocial Science History, 2021, vol. 45, num. 2, p. 261-289
dc.rights(c) The Authors, 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the Social Science History Association
dc.subjectRailroad
dc.subjectTransport infrastructure
dc.subjectEconomic development
dc.subjectCore-periphery
dc.subjectGDP
dc.subjectEurope
dc.titleRailroad integration and uneven development on the European periphery, 1870-1910
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.date.updated2022-11-24T14:09:47Z
dc.identifier.idgrec031192
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1017/ssh.2021.1


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