Workloads and emotional factors derived from the transition towards online and/or hybrid teaching among postgraduate professors: review of the lessons learned
González Rubio, Janeth
Serey Araneda, Daniel Fernando
Lagos Olivos, Carlos
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The objective of the present study was to discover which tasks resulted in a higher work- 12 load, leading to a higher anxiety of postgraduate professors at different Ibero-American universities, 13 when dealing with the transition from face-to-face teaching to a virtual one. A questionnaire was 14 constructed that was completed by 125 professors once validated. The results showed that with 15 respect to tasks that required a higher workload, the professors had to re-think methodological 16 strategies and activities, correct the student' work, provide tutoring, and search for materials. As for 17 the degree of anxiety, it was higher given the increased number of hours in front of the computer, 18 the lack of immediate feedback from the students, and the feeling of not reaching all the students, 19 having to look for activities to invigorate the online classes, preparing more materials, and the as- 20 sessment tasks. The results were the same irrespective of the university so that we can conclude that 21 this reality was globalized, and the workload and anxiety were replicated in different contexts. It is 22 therefore necessary to implement formative proposals that help manage online or hybrid teaching, 23 beyond the mere transfer of the face-to-face teaching models to virtual ones.