Systematic Odometry Error Evaluation and Correction in a Human-Sized Three-Wheeled Omnidirectional Mobile Robot Using Flower-Shaped Calibration Trajectories
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Odometry is a simple and practical method that provides a periodic real-time estimation of the relative displacement of a mobile robot based on the measurement of the angular rotational speed of its wheels. The main disadvantage of odometry is its unbounded accumulation of errors, a factor that reduces the accuracy of the estimation of the absolute position and orientation of a mobile robot. This paper proposes a general procedure to evaluate and correct the systematic odometry errors of a human-sized three-wheeled omnidirectional mobile robot designed as a versatile personal assistant tool. The correction procedure is based on the definition of 36 individual calibration trajectories which together depict a flower-shaped figure, on the measurement of the odometry and ground truth trajectory of each calibration trajectory, and on the application of several strategies to iteratively adjust the effective value of the kinematic parameters of the mobile robot in order to match the estimated final position from these two trajectories. The results have shown an average improvement of 82.14% in the estimation of the final position and orientation of the mobile robot. Therefore, these results can be used for odometry calibration during the manufacturing of human-sized three-wheeled omnidirectional mobile robots.
Is part ofApplied Sciences, 2022, vol. 12, núm. 5, 2606
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