Experimental Assessment of the Influence of the Design on the Performance of Novel Evaporators with Latent Energy Storage Ability
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This study was carried out within the HYBUILD project, as part of the task aimed at developing novel evaporators for compact and direct integration of phase-change materials (PCM) into air-conditioning systems for efficient utilization of solar energy. To achieve this, novel evaporators were designed to contain PCM between refrigerant and heat transfer fluid (HTF) channels, allowing a three-media heat exchange mechanism. This paper experimentally assesses the influence of the configuration/arrangement of the channels on the performance of the evaporators, using three different lab-scale prototypes. Key performance indicators (KPI) relevant for thermal energy storage (TES) and heat exchangers (HEX) were used to study the influence of the design on the performance of the different designs of the novel evaporators. The results show that the change in the PCM, refrigerant, and HTF channel configuration affects the performance of the novel evaporators independently. The coefficient of performance (COP) of the refrigeration system and the energy storage density of the modules are the least affected KPIs (less than 16%), whereas the state of charge (SOC) at thermal equilibrium is the most affected KPI (about 44%). A discussion on how these effects provide unique strength for specific applications is included.
Is part ofApplied Sciences, 2022, vol. 12, núm. 4, p. 1813-1-1813-18
European research projects
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