Full wave analysis of stripping chronopotentiometry at scanned deposition potential (SSCP): obtaining binding curves in labile heterogeneous macromolecular systems for any metal-toligand ratio.
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The different deposition potentials applied in Scanned Stripping ChronoPotentiometry (SSCP) probe different values of the free metal and complex concentrations at the electrode surface. The knowledge of these concentrations gives access to a relevant window of the binding curve of a metal to a homogeneous or heterogeneous ligand. Here, a suitable mathematical treatment for the determination of these surface concentrations, when using a mercury thin film rotating disk electrode, is reported. The proposed procedure does not require ligand excess conditions and takes advantage of the knowledge of the free metal ion concentration in the bulk solution provided by the technique AGNES (Absence of Gradients and Nernstian Equilibrium Stripping). It is experimentally shown that the information derived from the SSCP points (i.e. at different deposition potentials in a unique solution) is consistent with the speciation results yielded by the technique AGNES in pertinent solutions prepared within a range of metal-to-ligand ratios. Successful examples with polystyrene sulfonate, Laurentian Fulvic acid and a peat humic acid are reported. It is concluded that, by running consecutively SSCP and AGNES in a single solution, speciation information corresponding to different compositions (i.e. those locally generated at the electrode surface by the end of the deposition step) can be retrieved, this enabling an easy determination of the binding curve.
Is part ofJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 2020, p. 114436
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