Availability of metals to DGT devices with different configurations. The case of sequential Ni complexation
MetadataShow full item record
The analytical technique DGT (Diffusive Gradients in Thin-films) is able to gain access to a wealth of information by carefully interpreting accumulation data from passive samplers with different configurations (i.e. different thicknesses of its constituent layers). A set of DGT devices were simultaneously deployed in solutions of Ni and nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) of different concentrations to measure the availability of Ni in these solutions. Accumulations indicate that the availability of Ni depends on both the thickness of the resin and the thickness of the diffusive gel. In both cases, the lability degree increases as the thickness increases. As the formation of successive complexes (such as Ni(NTA)2) proceeds, the availability of the metal decreases, which is quantitatively explained by reducing the formulation to a case with only one complex, but with an effective dissociation rate constant that decreases as the concentration of NTA increases. Simple analytical expressions are reported to quantify the lability degree in the different DGT configurations. These results indicate that a set of different DGT devices can characterize the availability of a cation in a natural sample with uptake processes at different spatial or time scales. Alternatively, and from a more fundamental point of view, information on speciation, mobilities and labilities of the species present in natural samples can be obtained with a set of DGT configurations.
Is part ofScience of The Total Environment, 2021, vol. 779, núm. 146277, p. 1-12
European research projects
The following license files are associated with this item: