Effective concentration signature of Zn in a natural water derived from various speciation techniques
Rosales Segovia, Kevin
Sans Duñó, Jordi
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The uptake of nutrients or toxicants by different organisms in aquatic systems is known to correlate with different fractions of the nutrient's or toxicant's total concentration. These fractions can be provided by different analytical techniques, from which the better correlation is expected to be found for those with a characteristic length comparable to that in the considered organism uptake. An effective concentration signature can be built up with the concentration values associated to the availability (i.e. fluxes in dynamic techniques) of the nutrient or toxicant measured by various analytical techniques with different characteristic lengths. Here, this new representation was obtained for the pool of Zn complexes in the Mediterranean stream Riera d'Osor (Girona, Catalonia, Spain) with a suite of four analytical techniques. Absence of Gradients and Nernstian Equilibrium Stripping (AGNES) and Polymer Inclusion Membrane (PIM) devices provided the free Zn concentration. Linear Anodic Stripping Voltammetry provided a labile fraction (defined here as cLASV, higher than the free concentration), related to the diffusion layer scale. Diffusion Gradients in Thin-films provided higher labile fractions (known as DGT concentrations, cDGT) connected to the different characteristic lengths of different configurations (e.g. one or two resin discs) longer, in any case, than that corresponding to LASV. The combination of the information retrieved by the techniques allowed to quantify lability degrees of the pool of Zn complexes and to build up the effective concentration signature for this water.
Is part ofScience of The Total Environment, 2022, vol. 806, núm. 151201, p. 1-9
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