Cyclin D1 promotes tumor cell invasion and metastasis by cytoplasmic mechanisms
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Amplification of cyclin D1 is a frequent alteration in many cancers of different type and origin. We recently described a novel regulatory axis involving cyclin D1 in the regulation of tumor invasion and metastasis. Membrane-associated cyclin D1-CDK4 complexes promote activation of the small GTPase RAC1 through phosphorylation of the regulatory protein paxillin.