Influence of the extraction conditions on the carbohydrate and phenolic composition of functional pectin from persimmon waste streams
Méndez, D. A.
Fabra, M. J.
López Rubio, A.
Martinez Abad, A.
Universitat de Lleida. Escola Tècnica Superior d'Enginyeria Agrària
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Persimmon fruit (Diospyros kaki Thunb.) production suffers great losses (15–20%) due to the inefficient overripening process. In order to valorise this waste, a compositional characterization of different fruit stages of the residues was done, and immature fruit was selected due to its high pectin and very high polyphenol content. A 3-level full factorial design was carried out to study the effect of temperature (70–95 °C) and low pH (0.5–1.5), on yield, degree of esterification, carbohydrate constituents, phenolic content and antioxidant capacity of the extracted pectin, and a complete polyphenol profile (UPLC-MS/MS) was performed on selected extracts. All responses could be accurately adjusted to the models (R2 > 80; lack of fit). Pectin yield, phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity ranged from 1.4 to 4.5%, 53.3 ± 2.27 to 111.7 ± 9.74 mg GAE/g pectin and 0.29 ± 0.01 to 2.77 ± 0.04 TEAC (Trolox μmol/mg pectin), respectively. A strong pectin-polyphenol interaction was found, which significantly enhanced acid resistance of both the pectin and polyphenol constituents, with optimum yield and polyphenol content at pH 1 and 95 °C. These new pectin-based ingredients might have a great potential as functional foods or natural food ingredients enhancing the quality and shelf-life.
Is part ofFood hydrocolloids, 2022, vol. 123, núm. 107066, p. 1-12
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