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dc.contributor.authorBaquero Armans, Grau
dc.contributor.authorSorolla, Sílvia
dc.contributor.authorCuadros Domènech, Rosa
dc.contributor.authorOllé i Otero, Lluís
dc.contributor.authorBacardit i Dalmases, Anna
dc.contributor.otherA3 Leather Innovation Center
dc.date.accessioned2021-11-12T14:05:31Z
dc.date.issued2021-10-11
dc.identifier.issn0959-6526
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10459.1/72286
dc.description.abstractWaterproofed vegetable leather is desired for its 'greenness' in front of chromium-tanned waterproofed leather. However, conferring waterproofing capabilities to vegetable tanned leather maintaining light color and a soft touch is a fact of great concern for leather goods producers. Sustainable and technical requirements are currently demanded by high-quality brands in order to pass the threshold established by Leather Working Group (LWG) initiatives to earn their environmental audit seal. The research work has focused on testing various mineral salts and hydrophobic products compatible with vegetable tanned leather. According to the obtained results, acrylic copolymers along with zirconium salts are necessary to achieve the desired leather properties. The present study provides the environmental comparison of a new vegetable tanning process to give waterproofing capabilities with the conventional vegetable tanning process. The comparison comprises both wastewater analysis and environmental impacts in a life cycle assessment (LCA) framework. The paper also outlines the comparison using different life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) methods. Further, the study provides specific data on leather vegetable tanning processes. Comparative analysis has been focused on the two diverging stages for both conventional and waterproofing vegetable tanning processes, namely retanning and fatliquoring. Conventional process environmental impacts are lower than waterproofing process impacts according to LCA methodology. However, wastewater analysis shows no major differences between both processes. Main contributors to these results are the zirconium salts, dispersing agents and acrylic copolymers used along with an increase in energy consumption due to processing times. Alternative methods used in the impact assessment lead to similar results, revealing no major differences in the comparative results between methods in this case.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.relation.isformatofVersió postprint del document publicat a: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.129344
dc.relation.ispartofJournal Of Cleaner Production, 2021, num. 325, p. 129344
dc.rightscc-by-nc-nd (c) Elsevier, 2021
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es
dc.subjectLife Cycle impact assessment (LCIA)
dc.subjectVegetable tanning
dc.subjectZirconium
dc.subjectGlobal warming potential (GWP)
dc.subjectWaterproofing
dc.titleAnalysis of the environmental impacts of waterproofing versus conventional vegetable tanning process - A life cycle analysis study
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.date.updated2021-11-12T14:05:31Z
dc.identifier.idgrec031664
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccess
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.129344
dc.date.embargoEndDate2023-10-11


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cc-by-nc-nd (c) Elsevier, 2021
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as cc-by-nc-nd (c) Elsevier, 2021