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dc.contributor.authorSousa Ortega, Carlos
dc.contributor.authorRoyo-Esnal, Artiz
dc.contributor.authorUrbano, José María
dc.description.abstractThe Phalaris genus includes annual weed species such as short-spiked canarygrass (Phalaris brachystachys Link.), little-seed canarygrass (Phalaris minor Retz.) and hood canarygrass (Phalaris paradoxa L.), which are especially problematic in Spain; as such, there is a need to develop models to predict the timing of their emergence. Field experiments were conducted at two different locations during two (2006/07 and 2007/08) and three (from 2005/06 to 2007/08) growing seasons. In both locations, 500 seeds of each Phalaris species were sown each growing season, simulating rain-fed cereal field conditions. In addition, the models were validated with three, four and eight independent experiments for P. brachystachys, P. minor and P. paradoxa, respectively. The emergence period of the three Phalaris species lasted between 31 and 48 days after sowing (DAS), showing two main flushes. The three cardinal points for parametric and non-parametric models were established to be between −1 ◦C and 1 ◦C for base temperature, between 9.8 ◦C and 11.8 ◦C for optimal temperature and between 21.2 ◦C and 23.4 ◦C for ceiling temperature; base water potential was estimated to be between −1 and −1.1 MPa. Both parametric and non-parametric models obtained similar results and were successfully validated in 12 out of 15 independent experiments.ca_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research and the APC were both funded by CATEDRA ADAMA. European Regional Development Funds (FEDER) and the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness funds (AGL2005-0405) also supported data collection between 2005 and 2008ca_ES
dc.relation.isformatofReproducció del document publicat a
dc.relation.ispartofAgronomy, 2021, vol. 11, núm 5, p. 893 (1-16)ca_ES
dc.rightscc-by, (c) Sousa et al., 2021ca_ES
dc.subjecthydrothermal timeca_ES
dc.subjectPhalaris brachystachysca_ES
dc.subjectPhalaris minorca_ES
dc.titlePredicting seedling emergence of three canarygrass (Phalaris) species under semi-arid conditions using parametric and non-parametric modelsca_ES

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