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dc.contributor.authorHe, Wenshu
dc.contributor.authorBaysal, Can
dc.contributor.authorLobato, Maria
dc.contributor.authorHuang, Xin
dc.contributor.authorAlvarez, Derry
dc.contributor.authorZhu, Changfu
dc.contributor.authorArmario-Nájera, Victoria
dc.contributor.authorBlanco Perera, Amaya
dc.contributor.authorCerda, Pedro
dc.contributor.authorSaba-Mayoral, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorSobrino-Mengual, Guillermo
dc.contributor.authorVargheese, Ashwin
dc.contributor.authorAbranches, Rita
dc.contributor.authorAbreu, Isabel Alexandra
dc.contributor.authorBalamurugan, Shanmugaraj
dc.contributor.authorBock, Ralph
dc.contributor.authorBuyel, Johannes F.
dc.contributor.authorCunha, Nicolau B. da
dc.contributor.authorDaniell, Henry
dc.contributor.authorFaller, Roland
dc.contributor.authorFolgado, André
dc.contributor.authorGowtham, Iyappan
dc.contributor.authorHäkkinen, Suvi
dc.contributor.authorKumar, Shashi
dc.contributor.authorSathish Kumar, Ramalingam
dc.contributor.authorLacorte, Cristiano
dc.contributor.authorLomonossoff, George P.
dc.contributor.authorLuís, Ines M.
dc.contributor.authorMa, Julian K-C
dc.contributor.authorMcDonald, Karen A.
dc.contributor.authorMurad, Andre
dc.contributor.authorNandi, Somen
dc.contributor.authorO'Keef, Barry
dc.contributor.authorParthiban, Subramanian
dc.contributor.authorPaul, Mathew J.
dc.contributor.authorPonndorf, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorRech, Elibio
dc.contributor.authorRodrigues, Julio C. M.
dc.contributor.authorRuf, Stephanie
dc.contributor.authorSchillberg, Stefan
dc.contributor.authorSchwestka, Jennifer
dc.contributor.authorShah, Priya S.
dc.contributor.authorSingh, Rahul
dc.contributor.authorStoger, Eva
dc.contributor.authorTwyman, Richard M.
dc.contributor.authorVarghese, Inchakalody P.
dc.contributor.authorVianna, Giovanni R.
dc.contributor.authorWebster, Gina
dc.contributor.authorWilbers, Ruud H. P.
dc.contributor.authorChristou, Paul
dc.contributor.authorOksman-Caldentey, Kirsi-Marja
dc.contributor.authorCapell Capell, Teresa
dc.description.abstractThe fight against infectious diseases often focuses on epidemics and pandemics, which demand urgent resources and command attention from the health authorities and media. However, the vast majority of deaths caused by infectious diseases occur in endemic zones, particularly in developing countries, placing a disproportionate burden on underfunded health systems and often requiring international interventions. The provision of vaccines and other biologics is hampered not only by the high cost and limited scalability of traditional manufacturing platforms based on microbial and animal cells, but also by challenges caused by distribution and storage, particularly in regions without a complete cold chain. In this review article, we consider the potential of molecular farming to address the challenges of endemic and re-emerging diseases, focusing on edible plants for the development of oral drugs. Key recent developments in this field include successful clinical trials based on orally delivered dried leaves of Artemisia annua against malarial parasite strains resistant to artemisinin combination therapy, the ability to produce clinical-grade protein drugs in leaves to treat infectious diseases and the long-term storage of protein drugs in dried leaves at ambient temperatures. Recent FDA approval of the first orally delivered protein drug encapsulated in plant cells to treat peanut allergy has opened the door for the development of affordable oral drugs that can be manufactured and distributed in remote areas without cold storage infrastructure and that eliminate the need for expensive purification steps and sterile delivery by injection.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors would like to thank the Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness (project AGL2017-85377-R), the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (projects RTI2018-097613-B-I00 and PGC2018-097655-B-I00), the EU Horizon 2020 project Pharma-Factory (774078) and the Gener- alitat de Catalunya (Grups Consolidats2017-SGR828); Ag encia de Gesti o d’Ajuts Universitaris i de Recerca (AGAUR), Departament d’Empresa i Coneixement de la Generalitat de Catalunya (PAND EMIES 2020); Project LISBOA-01-0145-FEDER-007660 (Microbiologia Molecular, Estrutural e Celular funded by FEDER funds through COMPETE2020)—Programa Operacional Compet- itividade e Internacionalizacß~ao (POCI) and by the FCT (Portugal) through the R&D Unit, UIDB/04551/2020 (GREEN-IT—Biore- sources for Sustainability); UKIERI and the Hotung Foundation for sustained support of the Bharathiar University / St. George’s Univ. of London collaboration and the Molecular Immunology Unit at St. George’s Univ. of London. The Max Planck Society, the EU Horizon 2020 project Newcotiana (760331-2) and a grant from the European Research Council (ERC-ADG-2014; grant agreement 669982) to RB. KMOC, RMT and STH acknowledge support from the InnCoCells project funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement 101000373. PSS, KAM, RF and SN are partially supported by a CRAFT award (COVID-19 Research Accelerator Funding Track) by the University of California Davis. KAM and SN were partially supported by NASA Space Technology Research (award number NNX17AJ31G) and by the Translational Research Institute through NASA (grant number NNX16AO69A); EMBRAPA (Brazilian Agricultural Corporation), INCT BioSyn (National Institute of Science and Technology in Synthetic Biology), CNPq, CAPES, Brazilian Ministry of Health, FAPDFnd Universidade Cat olica de Bras ılia (UCB), Bras ılia, Brazil; BBSRC Grant BB/L020955/1, the JIC Strategic Programme Grant ‘Molecules from Nature –Enhanced Research Capacity’ (BBS/E/ J/000PR9794), the John Innes Foundation and the Department of Health and Social Care using UK Aid funding managed by the BBSRC; and The Austrian Science Fund FWF (project W1224). TTW Veni Grant 16740 from the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research. Research in the Daniell laboratory was supported by NIH grants R01 GM 63879, R01 107904, R01 HL 109442, R01 133191 and grants from Bayer, Novo Nordisk and Shire/Takeda. The National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, through the Science Moving TowArds Research Trans- lation and Therapy (SMARTT) programme contracts # HHSN268201600014C, HHSN268201600011C supported IND enabling regulatory, toxicology and pharmacokinetic studies. Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author (s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the University of California, Davis, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) or the Translational Research Institute for Space Health (TRISH). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish or preparation of the manuscript. Views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the employing institutions or the UK Department of Health and Social Care
dc.relation.isformatofReproducció del document publicat a:
dc.relation.ispartofPlant Biotechnology Journal, 2021, vol. 19, p. 1921-1936
dc.rightscc-by (c) He, Wenshu et al., 2021
dc.subjectMolecular farming
dc.subjectPlant- made pharmaceuticals
dc.subjectOral delivery
dc.subjectEndemic disease
dc.subjectRe-emerging disease
dc.titleContributions of the international plant science community to the fight against infectious diseases in humans - part 2: endemic and re-emerging diseases

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