Luteal activity following follicular drainage of subordinate follicles for twin pregnancy prevention in bi-ovular dairy cows.
Balogh, Orsolya G.
Hunter, Ronald Henry Fraser
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Twin pregnancy is undesirable in dairy cattle. This study examines luteal activity following ultrasound-guided puncture and drainage of the smaller pre-ovulatory follicle at timed AI in cows with a pre-ovulatory follicle in each ovary. Luteal activity was determined through Doppler ultrasonography and plasma progesterone (P4) concentrations. The effects of GnRH treatment on Day 7 post-AI on subsequent luteal activity were also assessed. Two study groups were established: a control group of 29 cows and a follicular drainage (FD) group of 28 cows. After drainage, all cows developed a corpus luteum (CL) in the drained ovary. On Day 21 post-AI, drainage induced CL and fellow CL were similar in terms of size and vascularization. According to a GLM repeated measures analysis of variance (P < 0.001), non-treated drained cows had lower P4 concentrations on Day 21 post-AI than non-treated non-drained cows, whereas GnRH treated cows, both drained and non-drained, showed the highest P4 concentrations at this time point. Twin pregnancy was recorded in 3 of the 8 pregnant control cows, whereas no twins were observed in the FD group. Our results indicate that luteal structures following follicular drainage were functional. As for the presence of an additional CL, this could suggest a reduced risk of pregnancy loss. In addition, luteal activity was significantly increased following GnRH treatment on Day 7 post-AI in drained cows.
Is part ofResearch in Veterinary Science, 2019, vol. 124, p. 439-443
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