Longitudinal, transverse and ultrasound vibration for the prediction of stiffness using models incorporating features in Pinus sylvestris timber
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Non-destructive testing was used to predict the static modulus of elasticity (MOES) of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) timber from the northeast of Spain. Three vibration tests were performed, longitudinal, flatwise and edgewise, to obtain the dynamic modulus of elasticity (MOEdyn) based on the fundamental resonant frequencies. The MOEdyn was additionally obtained from ultrasound tests. Measurements of different features were performed of the various samples, which were also subjected to a bending test to find the MOES. Different types of models, simple linear regression (SLR), multiple linear regression (MLR) and artificial neural network (ANN), were generated to predict the MOES based on the study variables. The predictive capacity of the different models was analysed by comparing the root mean square error (RMSE) obtained using the tenfold cross-validation method. The vibration techniques showed a better MOES prediction than the ultrasound techniques. The MOEdyn obtained from the fundamental resonant frequency of the edgewise flexural vibration (MOEEV) was the variable that best predicted the MOES. The error of the SLR with MOEEV was not significantly improved by any other model, whether univariate or multivariate. The ANN-based models did not significantly improve the error of the MLR-based models
Is part ofEuropean Journal Of Wood And Wood Products, 2021
European research projects
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