Burnout and job satisfaction among nurses in three Spanish regions
Pastor-Bravo, María del Mar
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Aims: To determine the levels of job satisfaction and burnout syndrome and related factors among nurses in three Spanish regions. Background: The nursing profession involves high work stress due to emotional involvement, workload, and available resources. Methods: Descriptive multicentre cross-sectional study. Sociodemographic and migration data were collected and participants completed the Job Satisfaction Questionnaire S20/23 and Maslach Burnout Inventory. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistical methods using the program SPSS. Results: The sample included 228 nurses (187 women and 41 men,), with a mean age of 37.11±10.87. Reported job satisfaction was medium-high. Overall values were low in emotional fatigue and medium in depersonalization and personal fulfillment. In terms of migration, 21.59% of the participants had already moved to other Spanish regions or another country, while 18.58% had the intention of doing so. Conclusion: Nurses with a temporary contract showed a high burnout rate, and high levels of emotional fatigue, depersonalization, and lack of personal fulfillment. Implications for nursing management: Strategies are needed to improve working and contractual conditions -such as enhancing teamwork, management, and leadership skills in nurses-, achieving internal promotion, having higher participation in decision-making, and a better balance of power between health institution managers and health professionals.