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dc.contributor.authorAlconada Romero, Álvaro
dc.contributor.authorHorta-García, Gemma
dc.contributor.authorGea Sánchez, Montserrat
dc.contributor.authorBlanco Blanco, Joan
dc.contributor.authorMateos, José Tomás
dc.contributor.authorStewart, Steven
dc.contributor.authorBarallat Gimeno, Eva
dc.contributor.authorMcGilton, Katherine S.
dc.date.accessioned2021-06-07T08:12:00Z
dc.date.available2022-06-03T22:09:00Z
dc.date.issued2021-05-15
dc.identifier.issn1748-3735
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10459.1/71418
dc.description.abstractBackground: Supervisory effectiveness in long-term care facilities has been identified a key factor in staff satisfaction and quality of care. Determining its utility in Spanish speaking countries will assist with understanding different cultural and health service contexts. Objectives: To develop and psychometrically test the Supervisory Support Scale in Spanish. The Spanish version of the Supportive Supervisory Scale could be useful for cross-cultural comparisons of supervisory support, which is a key factor to improving work relationships in long-term care facilities. Methods: Validation was carried out with 405 participants in 37 long-term care facilities. One-way analysis of variance was the test of significance performed to examine the differences among the facilities and Pearson product-moment correlations were used to assess construct validation of the scale. The mean and standard deviation were calculated for each supervisory score in each facility. Structural equation modelling was used to confirm the dimensions of the scale. Results: The item-to-item correlations were positive, ranging from 0.44 to 0.78, indicating good reliability of the scale. The coefficient alpha for the total scale was 0.96. The 15-item had mean item scores which ranged from 2.89 to 3.96 (SD = 1.01–1.26). Standardised factor loadings ranged within a narrow range: 0.75-0.86 for the ‘respecting uniqueness’ latent variable and 0.76-0.88 for the ‘being reliable’ latent variable. Construct validity was demonstrated as measure was positively associated with job satisfaction (r = 0.412, p < 0.0001) and was negatively correlated with HCAs’ stress and burden. Conclusion: The two-factor solution identified in the original scale that highlighted two key attributes of the supervisor; being reliable and respecting uniqueness, was also demonstrated in the Spanish Supervisory Support Scale as there was a moderate fit of the model. Implications for practice: The Spanish version of the Supportive Supervisory Scale could be useful for cross-cultural comparisons of supervisory support in nursing facilities which is a key factor to improving staff relationships and care in nursing facilities.
dc.description.sponsorshipWe gratefully acknowledge all the participants in this study and UBiostat Unit in Institute of Biomedical Research in Lleida for supporting data analysis. This research was funded by the College of Nursing of Lleida, the Council of Nursing of Catalonia and the University of Lleida, grant number 089352.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherWiley
dc.relation.isformatofhttps://doi.org/10.1111/opn.12381
dc.relation.isformatofVersió postprint del document publicat a https://doi.org/10.1111/opn.12381
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Older People Nursing, 2021, vol. 16, núm. 4, e12381
dc.rights(c) Wiley, 2021
dc.subjectInstrument translation
dc.subjectLong-term care facilities
dc.subjectNurse leadership
dc.subjectSupervisory support scale
dc.subjectSupervisors
dc.subjectNursing
dc.titleCross-cultural validation and psychometric testing of the supportive supervisory scale in Spanish
dc.title.alternativeCross Cultural Validation and Psychometric Testing of the Supportive Supervisory Scale in Spanish
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.date.updated2021-06-07T08:12:00Z
dc.identifier.idgrec031317
dc.type.versionacceptedVersion
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1111/opn.12381


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