Obstructive sleep apnea: in search of precision
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Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a highly prevalent condition that is viewed as a major global health concern, while affecting approximately 10% of the middle-aged population. OSA is a chronic disease that has been conclusively associated with poor quality of life, cognitive impairments and mood alterations, enhanced cardiovascular and metabolic morbidity, thereby leading to marked increments in healthcare costs. Areas covered: The authors have reviewed the current evidence on the pathophysiology of OSA and its consequences, the heterogeneity of its phenotypic expression, the current therapeutic applications and their efficacy, and the implications for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up strategies in the context of the clinical management of OSA. Expert commentary: Personalized medicine in OSA identifies different needs and approaches: (i) phenotyping and defining the different and segregated clusters of OSA patients whose recognition may improve prognostic predictions and guide therapeutic strategies; (ii) to further characterize and predict the impact of OSA and its treatment, particularly revolving around mortality and the processes closely related to ageing (cardiovascular diseases, cancer and neurocognitive diseases); (iii) the introduction of new technologies including telemedicine that have shown promise in the implementation of personalized medicine approaches.
Is part ofExpert Review of Precision Medicine and Drug Development, 2017, vol. 2, núm. 4, p. 217-228
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