Metabolic fate and cardiometabolic effects of phenolic compounds from red‐fleshed apple in hypercholesterolemic rats: A comparative study with common white‐fleshed apple. The AppleCOR Study
Data de publicació2021
Ludwig, Iziar A.
Catalán Santos, Úrsula
Valls, Rosa M.
Fernández Castillejo, Sara
MetadadesMostra el registre d'unitat complet
The present study aimed to investigate the metabolic fate and the cardiometabolic effects of phenolic compounds (PC) provided by a red‐fleshed apple variety biofortified in anthocyanins (ACN). Wistar rats were feed with high‐fat diet (HFD) to induce hypercholesterolemia and supplemented with red‐fleshed apple (HFD+R), white‐fleshed apple (HFD+W) or an ACN‐rich infusion from aronia fruit (HFD+A) providing matched content and profile of ACN. Plasma biochemical parameters, histological analysis and phenol biological metabolites were determined. Plasma, urine and faeces showed a significant increase of ACN metabolites after HFD+R and HFD+A, while flavan‐3‐ols were significantly increased after HFD+W and dihydrochalcones derivatives increased after both apples supplementation. A cardioprotective effect was observed after both apples and aronia infusion supplementation in the reduction of aortic thickness. The kidney function was improved after all supplementations and a decrease in insulin plasma concentration after both apples supplementation (HFD+R and HFD+W) was also observed. Our findings support that ACN without apple matrix can induce cardioprotective effects. ACN or flavan‐3‐ols, together with dihydrochalcones, compose a phenolic phytocomplex in red and white‐fleshed apples, respectively, that could act synergistically in the attenuation of cardiovascular outcomes in hypercholesterolemic rats.
És part deMolecular Nutrition & Food Research, 2021. In Press
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