The Aura-Campan ovine breed: a reminiscence of merinisation in the Central Pyrenees
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Starting from the wool analysis belonging to 9 individuals (7 females and 2 males) of the Aura-Campan ovine breed, different macroscopical and microscopical values are obtained. It is registered a big uniformity of locks and length and diameter of fibers. Fibers are of the 'short-fine' kind. Scales are distributed in a regular mosaic pattern, and their margins are smooth and distant. The obtained results in the alcoholic washing are low. It is done a comparison with bibliographical data with other 7 ovine breeds, too. The obtained morphological relationship dendrogram starting from the euclidian distances is generated with the Wardmethod, and it differentiates clearly the cluster that is formed by animals from Los Altos del Chiapas, México (Chiapas, Chamula and Café), which are included into the 'churro' group, the Manchega (Black variety), which is into the 'entrefino' group and the 'fine' group, that is formed by Merino Aura-Campan and Corriedale breeds. The adscription of the Aura-Campan breed into the 'fine' group is clearly showed with the results obtained in the wool analysis.