Clinical and Echocardiographic Findings in an Aged Population of Cavalier King Charles Spaniels

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Prieto Ramos, Jorge
Corda, Andrea
Swift, Simon
Saderi, Laura
de la Fuente Oliver, Gabrielde la Fuente Oliver, Gabriel - ORCID ID
Corcoran, Brendan
Summers, Kim M.
French, Anne T.
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cc-by (c) Prieto Ramos et al., 2021
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Myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) is the most common cardiac disease in dogs. It varies from dogs without clinical signs to those developing left-sided congestive heart failure, leading to death. Cavalier King Charles Spaniels (CKCSs) are particularly susceptible to MMVD. We hypothesised that within the elderly CKCS population, there is a sub-cohort of MMVD-affected dogs that do not have cardiac remodelling. The objectives of the present study were (i) to determine the prevalence and the degree of cardiac remodelling associated with MMVD; and (ii) assess the effect of age, gender, and body weight on echocardiographic status in a population of aged CKCSs. A total of 126 CKCSs ≥ 8 years old were prospectively included. They all had a physical and echocardiographic examination. A systolic murmur was detected in 89% of dogs; the presence of clinical signs was reported in 19% of them; and echocardiographic evidence of MMVD was described in 100%. Despite the high prevalence, 44.4% of the dogs were clear of echocardiographic signs of cardiac remodelling. Age was significantly associated with the presence and severity of cardiac remodelling and mitral valve prolapse. Our results showed that a proportion of elderly CKCS with confirmed MMVD did not undergo advanced stages of this pathology.
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Animals, 2021, vol. 11, núm. 4, p. 949