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dc.contributor.authorSala Solé, Ester
dc.contributor.authorVived Maza, Celia
dc.contributor.authorLuna Salinas, Júlia
dc.contributor.authorSaavedra Ávila, Noemí Alejandra
dc.contributor.authorSengupta, Upasana
dc.contributor.authorCastaño, A. Raúl
dc.contributor.authorVillar-Pazos, Sabrina
dc.contributor.authorHaba, Laura
dc.contributor.authorVerdaguer Autonell, Joan
dc.contributor.authorRopero, Ana Belén
dc.contributor.authorStratmann, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorPizarro, Javier
dc.contributor.authorVázquez-Carrera, Manuel
dc.contributor.authorNadal, Ángel
dc.contributor.authorLahti, Jill M.
dc.contributor.authorMora Giral, Concepció
dc.description.abstractBackground: Pancreatic islets are exposed to strong pro-apoptotic stimuli: inflammation and hyperglycemia, during the progression of the autoimmune diabetes (T1D). We found that the Cdk11(Cyclin Dependent Kinase 11) is downregulated by inflammation in the T1D prone NOD (non-obese diabetic) mouse model. The aim of this study is to determine the role of CDK11 in the pathogenesis of T1D and to assess the hierarchical relationship between CDK11 and Cyclin D3 in beta cell viability, since Cyclin D3, a natural ligand for CDK11, promotes beta cell viability and fitness in front of glucose. Methods: We studied T1D pathogenesis in NOD mice hemideficient for CDK11 (N-HTZ), and, in N-HTZ deficient for Cyclin D3 (K11HTZ-D3KO), in comparison to their respective controls (N-WT and K11WT-D3KO). Moreover, we exposed pancreatic islets to either pro-inflammatory cytokines in the presence of increasing glucose concentrations, or Thapsigargin, an Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)-stress inducing agent, and assessed apoptotic events. The expression of key ER-stress markers (Chop, Atf4 and Bip) was also determined. Results: N-HTZ mice were significantly protected against T1D, and NS-HTZ pancreatic islets exhibited an impaired sensitivity to cytokine-induced apoptosis, regardless of glucose concentration. However, thapsigargin-induced apoptosis was not altered. Furthermore, CDK11 hemideficiency did not attenuate the exacerbation of T1D caused by Cyclin D3 deficiency. Conclusions: This study is the first to report that CDK11 is repressed in T1D as a protection mechanism against inflammation-induced apoptosis and suggests that CDK11 lies upstream Cyclin D3 signaling. We unveil the CDK11/Cyclin D3 tandem as a new potential intervention target in T1D.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by the Spanish Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad Grant SAF2017-82567-R, Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnologı́a Grant SAF2008-02536, and, Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades Grant SAF2014-55077-R (to CM) and SAF2016-77227-R and SAF2013-45140-R (to TS and JV); the 2009 SGR-DGR grant from the Generalitat de Catalunya (to JV and CM) and the TR265 no. A001E-12132/2009 from the University of Lleida (to JV and CM); the Generalitat Valenciana PROMETEO/2011/080 grant; and the Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad BFU2011-28358 grant (to AN). NS-A and CV were recipients of a predoctoral fellowship from the University of Lleida. US, ES, and JL have been granted with AGAUR predoctoral fellowships from the Generalitat de Catalunya. CM and JV are assistant professors of Immunology in the Serra Hunter Program at the University of Lleida and, investigators at the same institution and the Lleida Institute for Biomedical Research Fundación Pifarré.
dc.relation.isformatofReproducció del document publicat a
dc.relation.ispartofFrontiers in Immunology, 2021, vol. 12, p. 634797
dc.rightscc-by (c) Sala Solé, Ester et al., 2021
dc.subjectBeta cell
dc.subjectCyclin D3
dc.subjectType 1 diabetes
dc.titleCDK11 promotes cytokine-induced apoptosis in pancreatic beta cells independently of glucose concentration and is regulated by inflammation in the NOD mouse model

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cc-by (c) Sala Solé, Ester et al., 2021
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