Characteristics and Circumstances of Falls in the Community-Dwelling Older Adult Population
Molés Julio, María Pilar
Esteve Clavero, Aurora
Maciá Soler, Loreto
MetadataShow full item record
Objective: The study aimed to describe the characteristics and circumstances of falls in the community-dwelling older adult population. Design: This was a cross-sectional observational and descriptive study involving primary health care centers in Lleida and Castellón de la Plana, Spain. Randomized sampling was used to include 966 individuals aged 75 years or older residing in single-family homes and in possession of a health care card. Data were obtained using the Survey on Fragility in Older People in Lleida (FRALLE survey). Study variables included the occurrence of falls in the past year and fall characteristics such as whether it was a first or successive fall, cause, season, and time of the day the fall occurred, whether the respondent fell flat on the ground, and time the participant remained on the floor. Other variables involved the circumstances of the fall, including the general location of the fall and specific location within the home if applicable, lighting/weather conditions, objects which may have precipitated the fall, floor conditions, and type of footwear. Results: The prevalence of falls was 25.9% with regard to the previous year, with 70% of these participants reporting having fallen previously. Falls most often occurred by accident, during the daytime, and in the winter. Variables that showed statistical significance with regard to age group were: falling flat on the ground (P = .031), fall location (P = .000), presence of an object favoring the fall (P = .039), floor conditions (P = .011), and type of footwear (P = .029). By sex, variables that showed statistical significance included the need for assistance to get up (P = .045) and type of footwear (P = .028). Conclusions: The prevalence of falls was found to be similar in the studied cities. The results show the most common characteristics and circumstances of falls in older adults in the community, making it possible to guide future preventive strategies.
Is part ofJournal of Primary Care & Community Health, 2020, vol. 11, p. 1-17
European research projects
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as cc-by-nc (c) Molés Julio, María Pilar et al., 2020
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Fear of falling in community-dwelling older adults: a cause of falls, a consequence, or both? [Research data] Lavedán, Ana; Viladrosa, Maria; Jürschik, Pilar; Botigué, Teresa; Nuin Orrio, Carmen; Masot, Olga; Lavedán, Raquel (Universitat de Lleida, 2018)Minimal anonymized data set necessary to replicate our study findings as either Supporting Information.
Lavedán, Ana; Viladrosa, Maria; Jürschik, Pilar; Botigué, Teresa; Nuin Orrio, Carmen; Masot, Olga; Lavedán, Raquel (Public Library of Science, 2018-03-29)Background: Despite the number of studies that have tried to demonstrate that there is an association between previous falls and the fear of falling, the relationship between these two variables remains a matter of ...
Prevalence of frailty and factors associated with frailty in the elderly population of Lleida, Spain: The FRALLE survey Jürschik, Pilar; Nuin Orrio, Carmen; Botigué, Teresa; Escobar Bravo, Miguel Ángel; Lavedán, Ana; Viladrosa, Maria (Elsevier, 2012)The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of frailty and to identify factors associated with frailty in older people living in the community through a cross-sectional study of community-dwelling persons age 75 and ...