Small-Molecule Inhibitors (SMIs) as an Effective Therapeutic Strategy for Endometrial Cancer
Moiola, Cristian P.
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Endometrial cancer (EC) is the sixth most common cancer in women. A continued number of low-risk EC patients at diagnosis, as well as patients diagnosed with advanced-stage disease, will experience an aggressive disease. Unfortunately, those patients will present recurrence or overt dissemination. Systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy treatment on advanced, recurrent, or metastatic EC patients has shown poor results, with median survival rates of less than one year, and median progression-free survival rates of four months. Therefore, the search for innovative and alternative drugs or the development of combinatorial therapies involving new targeted drugs and standard regimens is imperative. Over the last few decades, some small-molecule inhibitors have been introduced in the clinics for cancer treatment, but only a few have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for EC treatment. In the present review, we present the current state and future prospects of small-molecule inhibitors on EC treatment, both alone and in combination.