Genotypic differences in wheat yield determinants within a NAM population based on elite parents
Basavaraddi, Priyanka A.
Reynolds, Matthew P.
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Future grain yield (GY) improvements require the identification of beneficial traits within the context of high yield potential and not just based on the pleiotropic effect of traits such as crop height and heading date. We evaluated 1937 lines from Nested Association Mapping (NAM) population derived from 13 bi-parental varietal crosses under field conditions. We selected 493 lines with similar time to anthesis to that of the two checks used in the study (across and within each family) which reduced the range of plant height in the selected lines. Yield components were measured in these 493 lines from which 231 lines were selected by excluding lines with lowest number of grains so excluded low yielding lines. Later the subset of 231 lines were evaluated in two field experiments (2016−17, CS1 and 2017−18, CS2). Numerical and physiological components of grain yield were measured. The two-step selection maximised GY within an acceptable range of variation for height and anthesis. GY in 231 lines showed very high G × E interaction. Taking both seasons together, we selected lines from upper and lower quartile GY groups to identify stable beneficial trait combinations for improved GY. Differences in GY were explained by grain number driven by increased spike dry weight at anthesis (SDWa) and fruiting efficiency (FE). Increased GY was accompanied by sink limitation. The data points towards increases in grain number as the route towards future GY increases in wheat breeding.
Is part ofEuropean Journal of Agronomy, 2021, vol. 123, p. 126223
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