Multi-Objective Optimization of Nutritional, Environmental and Economic Aspects of Diets Applied to the Spanish Context
Batlle Bayer, Laura
Vázquez Rowe, Ian
Larrea Gallegos, Gustavo
Ruiz Salmón, Israel
Fullana i Palmer, Pere
MetadataShow full item record
Current food consumption patterns must be revised in order to improve their sustainability. The nutritional, environmental, and economic consequences of these dietary patterns must be taken into consideration when diet guidelines are proposed. This study applied a systematic optimization methodology to define sustainable dietary patterns complying with nutritional, environmental, and economic issues. The methodology was based on a multi-objective optimization model that considered a distance-to-target approach. Although the three simultaneous objectives (maximal nutritional contribution, minimal greenhouse gas emissions, and minimal costs) could be divergent, the proposed model identified the optimal intake of each food product to achieve the maximal level of nutritional, environmental, and economic diets. This model was applied to six different eating patterns within the Spanish context: one based on current food consumption and five alternative diets. The results revealed that dietary patterns with improved nutritional profiles and reduced environmental impacts could be defined without additional costs just by increasing the consumption of vegetables, fruits, and legumes, while reducing the intake of meat and fish.
Is part ofFoods, 2020, vol. 9 , num. 11, p. 1677
European research projects
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Looking for answers to food loss and waste management in spain from a holistic nutritional and economic approach Laso, Jara; Campos, Cristina; Fernández Rios, Ana; Hoehn, Daniel; Río, Andrea del; Ruiz Salmón, Israel; Cristobal, Jorge; Quiñones, Ainoa; Amo Satién, Francisco José; Ortego, María del Carme; Tezanos, Sergio; Abajas, Rebeca; Bala, Alba; Fullana i Palmer, Pere; Puig, Rita; Margallo, María; Aldaco, Rubén; Abejón, Ricardo (MDPI, 2020-12)The generation of food loss and waste (FLW) is a global problem for worldwide politics. About one-third of the food produced ends up in the rubbish before it is consumed. For this reason, it is essential to design and ...
Towards a Water-Energy-Food (WEF) nexus index: A review of nutrient profile models as a fundamental pillar of food and nutrition security Fernández Rios, Ana; Laso, Jara; Campos, Cristina; Ruiz Salmón, Israel; Hoehn, Daniel; Cristóbal, Jorge; Batlle Bayer, Laura; Bala, Alba; Fullana i Palmer, Pere; Puig, Rita; Aldaco, Rubén; Margallo, María (Elsevier, 2021-05-21)The Water-Energy-Food (WEF) nexus approach should be promoted as a tool for sustainable management of resources through the interconnection of these three fundamental pillars. Particularly, food security must ensure healthy ...
Civancik-Uslu, Didem; Ferrer, Laura; Puig, Rita; Fullana i Palmer, Pere (Elsevier B.V, 2018)The use of functional fillers can be advantageous in terms of cost reduction and improved properties in plastics. There are many types of fillers used in industry, organic and inorganic, with a wide application area. As a ...