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dc.contributor.authordel Río, Miren
dc.contributor.authorVergarechea, Marta
dc.contributor.authorHilmers, Torben
dc.contributor.authorAlday, Josu G.
dc.contributor.authorAvdagić, Admir
dc.contributor.authorBinder, Franz
dc.contributor.authorBosela, Michal
dc.contributor.authorDobor, Laura
dc.contributor.authorForrester, David I.
dc.contributor.authorHalilović, Velid
dc.contributor.authorIbrahimspahić, Aida
dc.contributor.authorKlopcic, Matija
dc.contributor.authorLévesque, Mathieu
dc.contributor.authorNagel, Thomas A.
dc.contributor.authorSitkova, Zuzana
dc.contributor.authorSchütze, Gerhard
dc.contributor.authorStajić, Branko
dc.contributor.authorStojanović, Dejan
dc.contributor.authorUhl, Enno
dc.contributor.authorZlatanov, Tzvetan
dc.contributor.authorTognetti, Roberto
dc.contributor.authorPretzsch, Hans
dc.description.abstractSpruce-fir-beech mixed forests cover a large area in European mountain regions, with high ecological and socio-economic importance. As elevation-zone systems they are highly affected by climate change, which is modifying species growth patterns and productivity shifts among species. The extent to which associated tree species can access resources and grow asynchronously may affect their resistance and persistence under climate change. Intra-specific synchrony in annual tree growth is a good indicator of species specific dependence on environmental conditions variability. However, little attention has been paid to explore the role of the inter-specific growth asynchrony in the adaptation of mixed forests to climate change. Here we used a database of 1790 tree-ring series collected from 28 experimental plots in spruce-fir-beech mixed forests across Europe to explore how spatio-temporal patterns of the intra- and inter-specific growth synchrony relate to climate variation during the past century. We further examined whether synchrony in growth response to inter-annual environmental fluctuations depended on site conditions. We found that the inter-specific growth synchrony was always lower than the intra-specific synchrony, for both high (inter-annual fluctuations) and low frequency (mid- to long-term) growth variation, suggesting between species niche complementarity at both temporal levels. Intra- and inter-specific synchronies in inter-annual growth fluctuations significantly changed along elevation, being greater at higher elevations. Moreover, the climate warming likely induced temporal changes in synchrony, but the effect varied along the elevation gradient. The synchrony strongly intensified at lower elevations likely due to climate warming and drying conditions. Our results suggest that intra- and inter-specific growth synchrony can be used as an indicator of temporal niche complementarity among species. We conclude that spruce-fir-beech mixtures should be preferred against mono-specific forests to buffer climate change impacts in mountain regions.ca_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors would like to to thank the Bayerische Staatsforsten (BaySF) for providing the observational plots and to the Bavarian State Ministry of Food, Agriculture, and Forestry for permanent support of the project W 07 ‘Long-term experimental plots for forest growth and yield research’ (#7831-26625-2017). Furthermore, our work was partially supported by the SRDA via project No. APVV-16-0325 and APVV-15-0265, the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Republic of Poland, the project “EVA4.0” No. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_019/0000803 funded by OP RDE, the Bulgarian National Science Fund (BNSF) via the project No. DCOST 01/3/19.10.2018, the project J4-1765 funded by the Slovenian Research Agency, and the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Advancement of Republic of Serbia (877 451-03-68/2020-14/ 200197). J. G.A was supported by the Ramon y Cajal fellowship (RYC-2016-20528).ca_ES
dc.relation.isformatofReproducció del document publicat a:
dc.relation.ispartofForest Ecology and Management, 2021, vol. 479, article 118587ca_ES
dc.rightscc-by, (c) del Río, Miren et al., 2020ca_ES
dc.subjectSpecies asynchronyca_ES
dc.subjectTree ringca_ES
dc.subjectGrowth variationca_ES
dc.subjectClimate changeca_ES
dc.titleEffects of elevation-dependent climate warming on intra- and inter-specific growth synchrony in mixed mountain forestsca_ES

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