Different Ground Vegetation Cover Management Systems to Manage Cynodon dactylon in an Irrigated Vineyard
Juárez Escario, Alejandro
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Ground cover management in vineyards in Spain is focused on minimizing soil erosion and compaction. Such practices have influenced the weed community structure in the inter-rows, contributing to the spread of the high noxious weed Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. This fact highlights the need for further investigation of the interaction between ground cover practices and weed control techniques. In this study, the effect of four different ground cover managements (M) in the inter-rows on C. dactylon population dynamics (changes in coverage and frequency) was assessed over three seasons (2015–2017): (M1) a no-till spontaneous vegetation ground cover managed by shredding; (M2) a no-till spontaneous vegetation ground cover managed by shredding plus herbicide application, (M3) tilled soil and spontaneous vegetation growing; and (M4) tilled soil and a barley cover crop seeded (Hordeum vulgare L.). Cynodon dactylon and the other weeds responded differently to the various weed control methods. After three seasons, the barley cover crop was the most efficient management system to control C. dactylon and other weeds. Final soil cover in barley cover crop and tilled soil with spontaneous vegetation were 0.5% and 1.1%, respectively, compared to 3.7% and 7.7% obtained by spontaneous vegetation shredded with and without herbicide application, respectively. In addition, total weed frequency varied from 9.7% for barley cover crop to 45.8% for spontaneous vegetation only shredded. Weed community composition changed due to the pressure exerted by each management and the adaptive strategy of the different species. This study highlights the importance of knowledge of how vegetation management influences weed flora to improve the sustainability of wine grape production systems.
Is part ofAgronomy, 2020, vol. 10, núm. 6, article 908
European research projects
- Publicacions de projectes de recerca del Plan Nacional 
- Articles publicats (Producció Vegetal i Ciència Forestal) 
- Articles publicats (Grup de Recerca en Malherbologia i Ecologia Vegetal) 
- Articles publicats (Agrotecnio Center) 
- Articles publicats (Hortofructicultura, Botànica i Jardineria) 
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as cc-by (c) Valencia-Gredilla, Francisco et al., 2020
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