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dc.contributor.authorArnoriaga Rodríguez, María
dc.contributor.authorMayneris Perxachs, Jordi
dc.contributor.authorBurokas, Aurelijus
dc.contributor.authorPérez Brocal, Vicente
dc.contributor.authorMoya, Andrés
dc.contributor.authorPortero Otín, Manuel
dc.contributor.authorRicart, Wifredo
dc.contributor.authorMaldonado, Rafael
dc.contributor.authorFernández Real, José Manuel
dc.description.abstractBackground The chaperone ClpB, a bacterial protein, is a conformational antigen-mimetic of α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) implicated in body weight regulation in mice. We here investigated the potential associations of gut bacterial ClpB-like gene function with obesity status and gut microbiota in humans. Results Gut microbiota ClpB KEGG function was negatively associated with body mass index, waist circumference, and total fat mass (DEXA). The relative abundance (RA) of several phyla and families directly associated with ClpB was decreased in subjects with obesity. Specifically, the RA of Rikenellaceae, Clostridiaceae and not assigned Firmicutes were lower in subjects with obesity and positively associated with gut bacterial ClpB-like gene function (not assigned Firmicutes (r = 0.405, FDR = 2.93 × 10−2), Rikenellaceae (r = 0.217, FDR = 0.031), and Clostridiaceae (r = 0.239, FDR = 0.017)). The gut bacterial ClpB-like gene function was also linked to specific plasma metabolites (hippuric acid and 3-indolepropionic acid) and fecal lupeol. The α-MSH-like epitope similar to that of Escherichia coli ClpB was also identified in some sequences of those bacterial families. After fecal transplantation from humans to mice, the families that more contributed to ClpB-like gene function in humans were also associated with ClpB-like gene function in mice after adjusting for the donor's body mass index (not assigned Firmicutes (r = 0.621, p = 0.003), Prevotellaceae (r = 0.725, p = 4.1 × 10−7), Rikenellaceae (r = 0.702, p = 3.9 × 10−4), and Ruminococcaceae (r = 0.526, p = 0.014)). Clostridiaceae (r = − 0.445, p = 0.038) and Prevotellaceae RA (r = − 0.479, p = 0.024) and were also negatively associated with weight gain in mice. The absolute abundance (AA) of Prevotellaceae in mice was also positively associated with the gut bacterial ClpB-like gene function in mice. DESeq2 identified species of Prevotellaceae, both negatively associated with mice' weight gain and positively with gut bacterial ClpB-like gene function. Conclusions In summary, gut bacterial ClpB-like gene function is associated with obesity status, a specific gut microbiota composition and a plasma metabolomics profile in humans that could be partially transplanted to mice.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was partially supported by research grants FIS (PI15/01934) from the Instituto de Salud Carlos III from Spain, SAF2015-65878-R from Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, Prometeo/2018/A/133 from Generalitat Valenciana, Spain and also by Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER) funds, European Commission (FP7, NeuroPain #2013-602891), the Catalan Government (AGAUR, #SGR2017-669, ICREA Academia Award 2015), the Instituto de Salud Carlos III (RTA, #RD16/0017/0020), and the European Regional Development Fund (No. 01.2.2-LMT-K-718-02-0014). María Arnoriaga-Rodríguez is funded by Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Río Hortega (CP19/00190). Jordi Mayneris-Perxachs is funded by Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Miguel Servet (CP18/00009). The project has also been 65% cofinanced by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) through the Interreg V-A Spain-France-Andorra programme (POCTEFA 2014-2020). POCTEFA aims to reinforce the economic and social integration of the French–Spanish–Andorran border. Its support is focused on developing economic, social and environmental cross-border activities through joint strategies favouring sustainable territorial development.
dc.publisherBiomed Central
dc.relation.isformatofReproducció del document publicat a
dc.relation.ispartofMicrobiome, 2020, vol. 8, num. 59, p. 1-10
dc.rightscc-by (c) Arnoriaga et al., 2020
dc.subjectBacterial gene function
dc.subjectBody weight regulation
dc.titleGut bacterial ClpB-like gene function is associated with decreased body weight and a characteristic microbiota profile

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