Emerging diseases in European forest ecosystems and responses in society
MetadataShow full item record
New diseases in forest ecosystems have been reported at an increasing rate over the last century. Some reasons for this include the increased disturbance by humans to forest ecosystems, changed climatic conditions and intensified international trade. Although many of the contributing factors to the changed disease scenarios are anthropogenic, there has been a reluctance to control them by legislation, other forms of government authority or through public involvement. Some of the primary obstacles relate to problems in communicating biological understanding of concepts to the political sphere of society. Relevant response to new disease scenarios is very often associated with a proper understanding of intraspecific variation in the challenging pathogen. Other factors could be technical, based on a lack of understanding of possible countermeasures. There are also philosophical reasons, such as the view that forests are part of the natural ecosystems and should not be managed for natural disturbances such as disease outbreaks. Finally, some of the reasons are economic or political, such as a belief in free trade or reluctance to acknowledge supranational intervention control. Our possibilities to act in response to new disease threats are critically dependent on the timing of efforts. A common recognition of the nature of the problem and adapting vocabulary that describe relevant biological entities would help to facilitate timely and adequate responses in society to emerging diseases in forests.
Is part ofForests, 2011, vol. 2, num. 2, p. 486-504
European research projects
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as cc-by (c) Stenlid, Jan et al., 2011
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Invasive forest pathogens in Europe: Cross-country variation in public awareness but consistency in policy acceptability Eriksson, Louise; Boberg, Johanna; Cech, Thomas L.; Corcobado, Tamara; Desprez-Loustau, Marie-Laure; Hietala, Ari M.; Horta Jung, Marília; Jung, Thomas; Doğmuş Lehtijarvi, Hatice Tuğba; Oskay, Funda; Slavov, Slavtcho; Solheim, Halvor; Stenlid, Jan; Oliva Palau, Jonàs (Springer Verlag, 2018)Political action can reduce introductions of diseases caused by invasive forest pathogens (IPs) and public support is important for effective prevention. The public’s awareness of IP problems and ...
From leaf to continent: The multi-scale distribution of an invasive cryptic pathogen complex on oak Desprez-Loustau, Marie-Laure; Massot, Marie; Toïgo, Maude; Fort, Tania; Aday Kaya, Ayşe Gülden; Boberg, Johanna; Braun, Uwe; Capdevielle, Xavier; Cech, Thomas L.; Chandelier, Anne; Christova, Petya; Corcobado, Tamara; Dogmus, Tugba; Dutech, Cyril; Fabreguettes, Olivier; Faivre D'Arcier, Julie; Gross, Andrin; Jung, Marilia Horta; Iturritxa, Eugenia; Jung, Thomas; Junker, Corina; Kiss, Levente; Kostov, Kaloyan; Lehtijarvi, Asko; Lyubenova, Aneta; Marçais, Benoit; Oliva Palau, Jonàs; Oskay, Funda; Pastirčák, Martin; Pastirčáková, Katarína; Piou, Dominique; Saint-Jean, Gilles; Sallafranque, Arnaud; Slavov, Slavtcho; Stenlid, Jan; Talgø, Venche; Takamatsu, Susumu; Tack, Ayco JM. (ElsevierBritish Mycological Society, 2018-09-12)The spatial distribution and niche differentiation of three closely related species (Erysiphe alphitoides, Erysiphe quercicola and Erysiphe hypophylla) causing oak powdery mildew was studied at scales ranging from the ...
Contrasting distribution patterns between aquatic and terrestrial Phytophthora species along a climatic gradient are linked to functional traits Redondo, Miguel Ángel; Boberg, Johanna; Stenlid, Jan; Oliva Palau, Jonàs (Springer Nature, 2018)Diversity of microbial organisms is linked to global climatic gradients. The genus Phytophthora includes both aquatic and terrestrial plant pathogenic species that display a large variation of functional traits. The extent ...