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dc.contributor.authorPiselli, Cristina
dc.contributor.authorPrabhakar, Mohit
dc.contributor.authorGracia Cuesta, Alvaro de
dc.contributor.authorSaffari Tabalvandani, Mohammad
dc.contributor.authorPisello, Anna Laura
dc.contributor.authorCabeza, Luisa F.
dc.description.abstractPhase Change Materials have been acknowledged for their potential to be used as passive strategy for improving energy efficiency and occupants' thermal comfort in buildings. However, their performance still needs to be enhanced to have them effectively used. In this view, this study investigates the potential improvement of PCMs performance for passive cooling application by efficient natural ventilation in residential building stock. Therefore, coupled dynamic simulation and optimization analysis is performed to explore the optimum melting temperature of PCM integrated in the external building envelope to minimize cooling loads in different Italian climate zones. Moreover, various natural ventilation control strategies are implemented to assess their influence on the process of PCM charge-discharge cycle. Results show that PCM inclusion in the building envelope provides significant cooling savings, up to about 300 kWh/year in mild climates. Furthermore, both night and temperature controlled natural ventilation are able to enhance the efficiency of PCMs thermal energy storage charge-discharge cycle. However, the optimum performance is obtained by coupling PCMs with natural ventilation controlled by indoor/outdoor temperature difference in all considered climate contexts. Accordingly, considerable building cooling energy need reduction is achievable through the optimum combination of PCMs and natural ventilation control, especially in milder climates.
dc.description.sponsorshipGREiA is certified agent TECNIO in the category of technology developers from the Government of Catalonia. The work was partially funded by the Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades de España (RTI2018-093849-B-C31 - MCIU/AEI/FEDER, UE). The work was partially funded by the Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades - Agencia Estatal de Investigación (AEI) (RED2018-102431-T). The authors at the University of Lleida would like to thank the Catalan Government for the quality accreditation given to their research group (2017 SGR 1537). GREiA is certified agent TECNIO in the category of technology developers from the Government of Catalonia. This work is partially supported by ICREA under the ICREA Academia programme. The authors at University of Perugia thank the Italian Ministry of research and university for supporting the NEXT.COM project under the framework of PRIN 2017 call and the IEA EBC Annex 79 “Occupant-centric building design and operation” for inspiring human-centric research.
dc.relation.isformatofVersió postprint del document publicat a:
dc.relation.ispartofRenewable Energy, 2020, vol. 162, p. 171-181
dc.rightscc-by-nc-nd (c) Elsevier, 2020
dc.subjectNatural ventilation
dc.subjectBuilding energy simulation
dc.subjectPassive cooling
dc.subjectThermal energy storage
dc.subjectPhase change material
dc.titleOptimal control of natural ventilation as passive cooling strategy for improving the energy performance of building envelope with PCM integration

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cc-by-nc-nd (c) Elsevier, 2020
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as cc-by-nc-nd (c) Elsevier, 2020