Cross-sectional study on body image and self-esteem among adolescents in Catalonia
Pollina Pocallet, Mercè
Artigues i Barberà, Eva María
Guasch Clapes, Teresa
Bellmunt Bonet, Mercè
Palou Solé, Teresa
Serra Solans, Núria
Ribalta Calvet, Eva
Ortega Bravo, Marta
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Research data to evaluate crucial components of adolescence maturational process is needed and a challenge for researchers and field professionals. Objectives: Promote positive body image, healthy habits and changes in self-esteem among both boys and girls at High schools in our area, though the analysis of measurements and obtained research data. Methods: Self-reported questionnaire assessed 323 students. Physical measurements (weight, height, BMI) were registered in all participants. The questionnaire measured body image perception (Gardner body image evaluation scale), self-esteem (Rosenberg self-esteem scale) and body image concern (Adonis complex questionnaire). Results: The body image distortion score was similar by gender and it decreased by age. The body dissatisfaction score was negative and higher in girls. Body dissatisfaction score and self-esteem were related, so participants with low self-esteem showed a higher body dissatisfaction score. Clear association was also shown between body dissatisfaction score and body image concern, females had a higher body concern and dissatisfaction than males. Discussion: These local measurements provided updated data on our population and they will be taken in consideration to implement community health programs and further tailor intervention programs.
Is part ofHealth Education and Public Health, 2018, vol. 2, núm. 2, p. 164-169
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