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dc.contributor.authorSakhi, Amrit Kaur
dc.contributor.authorCequier Manciñeiras, Enrique
dc.contributor.authorBecher, Rune
dc.contributor.authorBølling, Anette Kocbach
dc.contributor.authorBorgen, Anders R.
dc.contributor.authorSchlabach, Martin
dc.contributor.authorSchmidbauer, Norbert
dc.contributor.authorBecher, Georg
dc.contributor.authorSchwarze, Per
dc.contributor.authorThomsen, Cathrine
dc.date.accessioned2020-04-24T09:28:26Z
dc.date.available2020-04-24T09:28:26Z
dc.date.issued2019-04-09
dc.identifier.issn0048-9697
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10459.1/68494
dc.description.abstractBoth building materials and consumer products have been identified as possible sources for potentially hazardous substances like phthalates, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), organophosphorous flame retardants (OPFRs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and short chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) in indoor air. Thus, indoor air has been suggested to contribute significantly to human exposure to these chemicals. There is lack of data on the occurrence of several of the aforementioned chemicals in indoor air. Therefore, indoor air (gas and particulate phase) was collected from 48 households and 6 classrooms in two counties in Norway. In both the households and schools, median levels of low molecular weight phthalates (785 ng/m3), OPFRs (55 ng/m3) and SCCPs (128 ng/m3) were up to 1000 times higher than the levels of PCBs (829 pg/m3) and PBDEs (167 pg/m3). Median concentrations of dimethyl phthalate (DMP), diethyl phthalate (DEP), di-isobutyl phthalate (DiBP) and SCCPs were 3–6 times higher in households compared to schools. The levels of OPFRs, PCBs and PBDEs were similar in households and schools. In univariate analysis, the indoor concentrations of different environmental chemicals were significantly affected by location of households (OPFRs), airing of living room (some PCBs and PBDEs), presence of upholstered chair/couch (OPFRs), pet animal hold (some PBDEs) and presence of electrical heaters (selected PCBs and PBDEs). Significant correlations were also detected for the total size of households with OPFRs, frequency of vacuuming the living room with selected PCBs and PBDEs, frequency of washing the living room with selected PCBs and the total number of TVs in the households with selected phthalates and SCCPs. Finally, intake estimates indicated that indoor air contributed more or equally to low molecular weight phthalates and SCCPs exposure compared to food consumption, whereas the contribution from indoor air was smaller than the dietary intake for the other groups of chemicals.ca_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was funded by a grant from the Norwegian Research Council (NFR project number: ES445160).ca_ES
dc.language.isoengca_ES
dc.publisherElsevierca_ES
dc.relation.isformatofReproducció del document publicat a: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.04.086ca_ES
dc.relation.ispartofScience of the Total Environment, 2019, vol. 674, p. 1-8ca_ES
dc.rightscc-by (c) Sakhi, Amrit Kaur et al., 2019ca_ES
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectIndoor airca_ES
dc.subjectPhthalatesca_ES
dc.subjectPolychlorinated biphenylsca_ES
dc.subjectPolybrominated diphenyl ethersca_ES
dc.titleConcentrations of selected chemicals in indoor air from Norwegian homes and schoolsca_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articleca_ES
dc.identifier.idgrec028611
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersionca_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessca_ES
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.04.086


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cc-by (c) Sakhi, Amrit Kaur et al., 2019
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as cc-by (c) Sakhi, Amrit Kaur et al., 2019