Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorPretzsch, Hans
dc.contributor.authordel Río, Miren
dc.contributor.authorSchütze, Gerhard
dc.contributor.authorAmmer, Christian
dc.contributor.authorAnnighöfer, P.
dc.contributor.authorAvdagic, A.
dc.contributor.authorBarbeito, I.
dc.contributor.authorBielak, Kamil
dc.contributor.authorBrazaitis, G.
dc.contributor.authorColl Mir, Lluís
dc.contributor.authorDrössler, L.
dc.contributor.authorFabrika, M.
dc.contributor.authorForrester, David I.
dc.contributor.authorKurylyak, Viktor
dc.contributor.authorLöf, Magnus
dc.contributor.authorLombardi, Fabio
dc.contributor.authorMatović, Bratislav
dc.contributor.authorMohren, Frits
dc.contributor.authorMotta, R.
dc.contributor.authorden Ouden, Jan
dc.contributor.authorPach, Maciej
dc.contributor.authorPonette, Quentin
dc.contributor.authorSkrzyszewski, J.
dc.contributor.authorSrámek, V.
dc.contributor.authorSterba, Hubert
dc.contributor.authorSvoboda, M.
dc.contributor.authorVerheyen, Kris
dc.contributor.authorZlatanov, Tzvetan
dc.contributor.authorBravo-Oviedo, A.
dc.date.accessioned2020-04-02T08:47:09Z
dc.date.available2020-04-02T08:47:09Z
dc.date.issued2016-04-27
dc.identifier.issn0378-1127
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10459.1/68413
dc.description.abstractThe mixing of tree species with complementary ecological traits may modify forest functioning regarding productivity, stability, or resilience against disturbances. This may be achieved by a higher heterogeneity in stand structure which is often addressed but rarely quantified. Here, we use 32 triplets of mature and fully stocked monocultures and mixed stands of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) located along a productivity and water availability gradient through Europe to examine how mixing modifies the stand structure in terms of stand density, horizontal tree distribution pattern, vertical stand structure, size distribution pattern, and variation in tree morphology. We further analyze how site conditions modify these aspects of stand structure. For this typical mixture of a light demanding and shade tolerant species we show that (i) mixing significantly increases many aspects of structural heterogeneity compared with monocultures, (ii) mixing effects such as an increase of stand density and diversification of vertical structure and tree morphology are caused by species identity (additive effects) but also by species interactions (multiplicative effects), and (iii) superior heterogeneity of mixed stands over monocultures can increase from dry to moist sites. We discuss the implications for analyzing the productivity, for modelling and for the management of mixed species stands.ca_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThe networking in this study has been supported by COST Action FP1206 EuMIXFOR. All contributors thank their national funding institutions and the woodland owners for agreeing to establish, measure, and analyze data from the triplets. The first author also thanks the Bayerischen Staatsforsten (BaySF) for supporting the establishment of the plots, the Bavarian State Ministry for Nutrition, Agriculture, and Forestry for permanent support of the project W 07 “Long-term experimental plots for forest growth and yield research” (# 7831-22209-2013) and the German Science Foundation for providing the funds for the projects PR 292/12-1 “Tree and stand-level growth reactions on drought in mixed versus pure forests of Norway spruce and European beech”. The second author thanks the COST Action FP1206 EuMIXFOR for funding the STSM FP1206-160714-045064, and the Spanish project AGL2014-51964-C2-2-R.ca_ES
dc.language.isoengca_ES
dc.publisherElsevierca_ES
dc.relationMINECO/PN2013-2016/AGL2014-51964-C2-2-Rca_ES
dc.relation.isformatofVersió preprint del document publicat a: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2016.04.043ca_ES
dc.relation.ispartofForest Ecology and Management, 2016, vol. 373, p. 149-166ca_ES
dc.rights(c) Elsevier, 2016ca_ES
dc.subjectAdditive mixing effectca_ES
dc.subjectMultiplicative mixing effectca_ES
dc.subjectMorphological variabilityca_ES
dc.subjectStand densityca_ES
dc.subjectTree size inequalityca_ES
dc.subjectOveryieldingca_ES
dc.titleMixing of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) enhances structural heterogeneity, and the effect increases with water availabilityca_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articleca_ES
dc.identifier.idgrec028847
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/submittedVersionca_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessca_ES
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2016.04.043


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record