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dc.contributor.authorMartín Alcón, Santiago
dc.contributor.authorColl Mir, Lluís
dc.contributor.authorSalekin, Serajis
dc.description.abstractThe progressive abandonment of traditional forest management over the last few decades has led to significant densification processes in most Mediterranean pine stands. In parallel, some of these stands have also shown tree-species diversification processes, the occurrence of which is considered essential for future adaptability and resilience to change. Here we aim to gain further understanding of the main factors driving these diversification processes via a case-study approach using the long-term-managed black pine (Pinus nigra Arn. ssp. salzmannii) forests of the Catalan Pre-Pyrenees (NE Spain). For this purpose, we sampled 155 plots distributed in 8 different stands and analyzed the role played by a number of microsite factors and stand attributes (including canopy openness and heterogeneity) on the abundance of seedlings (h < 1.3 m) and saplings (h > 1.3 m; dbh < 7.5 cm) of the main tree-species in the area (i.e. black pine, evergreen oak and marcescent oaks). Results revealed ongoing black pine recruitment limitation processes mainly associated to the high canopy cover of the overstory and the increasing abundance of shrubs, which may compete with pines for light resources. In contrast, we found that current environmental and stand-level conditions favor the progressive advance of the recruitment of evergreen and marcescent oaks, which are able to establish successfully under the dominant pine canopy. However, in the absence of canopy openings, light levels may not allow the established oaks (in particular the evergreen Quercus ilex) to grow and progress to higher developmental stages. Our findings bring deeper insight into the role of stand-level factors regulating species diversification, and can be used by forest managers to adjust their practices (e.g. by modifying the spatial and temporal patterns of silvicultural treatments such as thinnings or selection cuttings) in order to favor this natural process and increase stand resilience.ca_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was primarily supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation via the RESILFOR project (AGL2012-40039-C02-01). It also was part of a cooperation agreement between the Forest Sciences Center of Catalonia and the Institut Cartogràfic i Geològic de Catalunya (ICGC) frameworking wider use of aerial remote-sensing data for forest characterization. The Catalan Agency for Management of University and Research Grants provided S.M.A. with support through a ‘pre-doctoral’ grant (FI-DGR) and the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation provided L.C. with support through post-doctoral ‘Ramon y Cajal’ contracts. This work benefited from a short-term scientific mission grant provided by the COST Action EuMIXFOR (FP1206) to SMA, and from the Erasmus Mundus Master Course Mediterranean Forestry and Natural Resources Management (MEDfOR) which provided support to SS.ca_ES
dc.relation.isformatofVersió postprint del document publicat a:
dc.relation.ispartofForest Ecology and Management, 2015, vol. 353, p. 107-117ca_ES
dc.rightscc-by-nc-nd (c) Elsevier, 2015ca_ES
dc.subjectPinus nigraca_ES
dc.subjectOak recruitmentca_ES
dc.subjectMixed forestsca_ES
dc.subjectCanopy attributesca_ES
dc.titleStand-level drivers of tree-species diversification in Mediterranean pine forests after abandonment of traditional practicesca_ES

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cc-by-nc-nd (c) Elsevier, 2015
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as cc-by-nc-nd (c) Elsevier, 2015