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dc.contributor.authorPeña-Angulo, Dhais
dc.contributor.authorNadal-Romero, E.
dc.contributor.authorGonzález-Hidalgo, José Carlos
dc.contributor.authorAlbaladejo, J.
dc.contributor.authorAndreu, V.
dc.contributor.authorBagarello, Vincenzo
dc.contributor.authorBahri, H.
dc.contributor.authorBatalla, Ramon J.
dc.contributor.authorBernal, S.
dc.contributor.authorBienes, Ramón
dc.contributor.authorCampo, J.
dc.contributor.authorCampo-Bescós, M.A.
dc.contributor.authorCanatário-Duarte, A.
dc.contributor.authorCantón, Y.
dc.contributor.authorCasalí Sarasibar, Javier
dc.contributor.authorCastillo, Víctor
dc.contributor.authorCerdà, Artemio
dc.contributor.authorCheggour, A.
dc.contributor.authorCid, Patricio
dc.contributor.authorCortesi, N.
dc.contributor.authorDesir, Gloria
dc.contributor.authorDíaz-Pereira, E.
dc.contributor.authorEspigares, Tiscar
dc.contributor.authorEstrany, Joan
dc.contributor.authorFernández-Raga, M.
dc.contributor.authorFerreira, C.S.S.
dc.contributor.authorFerro, Vito
dc.contributor.authorGallart, Francesc
dc.contributor.authorGiménez, R.
dc.contributor.authorGimeno, E.
dc.contributor.authorGómez, J. A.
dc.contributor.authorGómez-Gutiérrez, A.
dc.contributor.authorGómez Macpherson, Helena
dc.contributor.authorGonzález-Pelayo, O.
dc.contributor.authorHueso-González, P.
dc.contributor.authorKairis, O.
dc.contributor.authorKaratzas, G.P.
dc.contributor.authorKlotz, S.
dc.contributor.authorKosmas, C.
dc.contributor.authorLana-Renault, N.
dc.contributor.authorLasanta, Teodoro
dc.contributor.authorLatron, J.
dc.contributor.authorLázaro, R.
dc.contributor.authorLe Bissonnais, Yves
dc.contributor.authorLe Bouteiller, C.
dc.contributor.authorLicciardello, F.
dc.contributor.authorLópez Tarazón, José Andrés
dc.contributor.authorLucía, A.
dc.contributor.authorMarín, C.
dc.contributor.authorMarqués, M.J.
dc.contributor.authorMartínez Fernández, José
dc.contributor.authorMartínez-Mena, M.
dc.contributor.authorMartínez Murillo, Juan Francisco
dc.contributor.authorMateos, Luciano
dc.contributor.authorMathys, Nicole
dc.contributor.authorMerino-Martín, L.
dc.contributor.authorMoreno-de-las-Heras, Mariano
dc.contributor.authorMoustakas, N.
dc.contributor.authorNicolau, J.M.
dc.contributor.authorNovara, A.
dc.contributor.authorPampalone, V.
dc.contributor.authorRaclot, D.
dc.contributor.authorRodríguez-Blanco, M.L.
dc.contributor.authorRodrigo Comino, Jesús
dc.contributor.authorRomero Díaz, María Asunción
dc.contributor.authorRoose, Eric
dc.contributor.authorRubio, J.L.
dc.contributor.authorRuiz Sinoga, José Damián
dc.contributor.authorSchnabel, Susanne
dc.contributor.authorSenciales González, José María
dc.contributor.authorSimonneaux, V.
dc.contributor.authorSolé-Benet, A.
dc.contributor.authorTaguas, E.V.
dc.contributor.authorTaboada-Castro, M.M.
dc.contributor.authorTaboada Castro, Ma. Teresa
dc.contributor.authorTodisco, F.
dc.contributor.authorÚbeda, Xavier
dc.contributor.authorVarouchakis, E.A.
dc.contributor.authorVericat Querol, Damià
dc.contributor.authorWittenberg, L.
dc.contributor.authorZabaleta, A.
dc.contributor.authorZorn, Matija
dc.description.abstractSoil degradation by water is a serious environmental problem worldwide, with specific climatic factors being the major causes. We investigated the relationships between synoptic atmospheric patterns (i.e. weather types, WTs) and runoff, erosion and sediment yield throughout the Mediterranean basin by analyzing a large database of natural rainfall events at 68 research sites in 9 countries. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was used to identify spatial relationships of the different WTs including three hydro-sedimentary variables: rainfall, runoff, and sediment yield (SY, used to refer to both soil erosion measured at plot scale and sediment yield registered at catchment scale). The results indicated 4 spatial classes of rainfall and runoff: (a) northern sites dependent on North (N) and North West (NW) flows; (b) eastern sites dependent on E and NE flows; (c) southern sites dependent on S and SE flows; and, finally, (d) western sites dependent on W and SW flows. Conversely, three spatial classes are identified for SY characterized by: (a) N and NE flows in northern sites (b) E flows in eastern sites, and (c) W and SW flows in western sites. Most of the rainfall, runoff and SY occurred during a small number of daily events, and just a few WTs accounted for large percentages of the total. Our results confirm that characterization by WT improves understanding of the general conditions under which runoff and SY occur, and provides useful information for understanding the spatial variability of runoff, and SY throughout the Mediterranean basin. The approach used here could be useful to aid of the design of regional water management and soil conservation measures.ca_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was supported by projects funded by the MINECO-FEDER: CGL2014-52135-C3-3-R, CGL2014-59946-R, CGL2015-65569-R, CGL2015-64284-C2-2-R, and PCIN-2017-061/AEI. When this manuscript was first submitted Estela Nadal-Romero and Damià Vericat received a “Ramón y Cajal” postdoctoral contract (RYC-2013-14371 and RYC‐2010‐06264, Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, MEC). Damià Vericat is now a Serra Húnter Fellow at the University of Lleida. María Fernández-Raga received a “José Castillejo” postdoctoral grant (Spanish Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports). Carla Ferreira was supported by a post-doctoral research grant from the Portuguese Science and Technology Foundation (SFRH/BPD/120093/2016). Mariano Moreno-de las Heras received a Juan de la Cierva postdoctoral contract (IJCI-2015-26463) from the MEC. José Andrés López-Tarazón received a Vicenç Mut postdoctoral fellowship from the Autonomous Balearic Government (CAIB PD/038/2016). José Andrés López-Tarazón and Ramon Batalla also acknowledge the Secretariat for Universities and Research of the Department of the Economy and Knowledge of the Autonomous Government of Catalonia for supporting the Consolidated Research Group 2014 SGR 645 (RIUS- Fluvial Dynamics Research Group), and the CERCA Programme. This paper has benefited from the Lab and Field Data Pool created within the framework of the COST action CONNECTEUR (ES1306).ca_ES
dc.relation.isformatofVersió postprint del document publicat a:
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Hydrology, 2019, vol. 571, p. 390-405ca_ES
dc.rightscc-by-nc-nd (c) Elsevier, 2019ca_ES
dc.subjectSynoptic weather typesca_ES
dc.subjectSediment yieldca_ES
dc.subjectMediterranean basinca_ES
dc.titleSpatial variability of the relationships of runoff and sediment yield with weather types throughout the Mediterranean basinca_ES

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cc-by-nc-nd (c) Elsevier, 2019
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