Improved embryo survival following follicular drainage of subordinate follicles for twin pregnancy prevention in bi-ovular dairy cows
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To prevent twin pregnancies in cattle, a simple transvaginal device can be used for follicular drainage. This study examines embryo survival following follicular drainage of the smaller pre-ovulatory follicle at timed artificial insemination (AI) in cows with a pre-ovulatory follicle in each ovary. The study groups established were a control group of 289 monovular cows, a non-drainage group of 114 bi-ovular cows and a follicular drainage group of 113 bi-ovular cows. All cows undergoing drainage developed a corpus luteum (CL) in the drained ovary. Pregnancy loss was recorded 56 days post-AI in 19.5% of the 149 cows that became pregnant. Pregnancy loss in the drainage group cows not suffering heat stress (3.8%) was significantly lower (P < 0.05) than in control non-heat stressed cows (20.9%) and heat-stressed non-drainage group cows (25%). Results indicate that CL induction by follicular drainage for twin pregnancy prevention may reduce the incidence of pregnancy loss.
Is part ofJournal of Reproduction and Development, 2020, vol. 66, núm. 1, p. 93-96
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