Anodic Protection Assessment Using Alumina-Forming Alloys in Chloride Molten Salt for CSP Plants
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The generation of a natural protective coating in alumina-forming alloys was analyzed using a ternary chloride molten salt as a thermal energy storage material for concentrated solar power (CSP) technology. The formation of the protective layer was monitored using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). A protective layer model for the OCT alloy and a localized corrosion model for the OCI and OC4 alloys were obtained after 5 h of immersion. The corrosion rates calculated using the linear polarization technique (LPR), were 8.03, 21.55, and 7.61 mm/year for OC4, OCI, and OCT alloys, respectively. These results were confirmed by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. Our analysis showed that MgAl2O4 was the main protective coating generated by the alumina-forming alloys.