The role of community-based nursing interventions in improving outcomes for individuals with cardiovascular disease: A systematic review
Quek, Rina Yu Chin
Tan, See Mieng
Singh, Shweta R.
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Objective To examine the role of community-based nursing interventions in improving outcomes for community-dwelling individuals with cardiovascular disease. Design A systematic review and narrative synthesis. Data sources Seven electronic databases (MEDLINE, CINAHL, Global Health, LILACS, Africa-Wide Information, IMEMR and WPRIM) were searched from inception to 16 March 2018 without language restrictions. Review methods We included studies evaluating the outcomes of interventions led by, or primarily delivered by, nurses for individuals with cardiovascular disease in community settings. Study selection, data extraction and risk of bias assessments were performed by at least two independent reviewers. Results Twenty-eight studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in this review. Community-based nursing interventions improved outcomes in four key areas: (1) self-care, (2) health, (3) healthcare utilisation, and (4) quality of care. Significant improvements were reported in patients' knowledge and ability to self-manage, severity of disease, functional status, quality of life, risk of death, hospital readmission days, emergency department visits, healthcare costs and satisfaction with care. Facilitators to intervention effectiveness included the use of an individualised approach, multidisciplinary approach, specially trained nurses, family involvement and the home setting. Conversely, barriers to intervention success included limitations in nurses' time and skills, ineffective interdisciplinary collaboration and insufficient intervention intensity. Conclusions The overall evidence is positive regarding the role of community-based nursing interventions in improving outcomes for individuals with cardiovascular disease. However, this review highlights the need for more robust research establishing definitive relationships between different types of interventions and outcomes as well as evaluating the cost-effectiveness of these interventions to aid the development of sustainable policy solutions.
Is part ofInternational Journal of Nursing Studies, 2019, vol. 100, p. 1-48
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