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dc.contributor.authorBravo Oviedo, Andrés
dc.contributor.authorPretzsch, Hans
dc.contributor.authorAmmer, Christian
dc.contributor.authorAndenmatten, Ernesto
dc.contributor.authorBarbati, Aanna
dc.contributor.authorBarreiro, Susana
dc.contributor.authorBrang, Peter
dc.contributor.authorBravo, Felipe
dc.contributor.authorColl Mir, Lluís
dc.contributor.authorCorona, Piermaria
dc.contributor.authorden Ouden, Jan
dc.contributor.authorDucey, Mark J.
dc.contributor.authorForrester, David I.
dc.contributor.authorGiergiczny, Marek
dc.contributor.authorJacobsen, Jette B.
dc.contributor.authorLesinski, Jerzy
dc.contributor.authorLöf, Magnus
dc.contributor.authorMason, Bill
dc.contributor.authorMatovic, B.
dc.contributor.authorMetslaid, Marek
dc.contributor.authorMorneau, François
dc.contributor.authorMotiejunaite, Jurga
dc.contributor.authorO'Reilly, Conor
dc.contributor.authorPach, Maciej
dc.contributor.authorPonette, Quentin
dc.contributor.authordel Río, Miren
dc.contributor.authorShort, Ian
dc.contributor.authorSkovsgaard, Jens Peter
dc.contributor.authorSoliño Millán, Mario
dc.contributor.authorSpathelf, Peter
dc.contributor.authorSterba, Hubert
dc.contributor.authorStojanovic, Dejan
dc.contributor.authorStrelcova, Katarina
dc.contributor.authorSvoboda, M.
dc.contributor.authorVerheyen, Kris
dc.contributor.authorvon Lüpke, Nikolas
dc.contributor.authorZlatanov, Tzvetan
dc.description.abstractAim of study: We aim at (i) developing a reference definition of mixed forests in order to harmonize comparative research in mixed forests and (ii) review the research perspectives in mixed forests. Area of study: The definition is developed in Europe but can be tested worldwide. Material and Methods: Review of existent definitions of mixed forests based and literature review encompassing dynamics, management and economic valuation of mixed forests. Main results: A mixed forest is defined as a forest unit, excluding linear formations, where at least two tree species coexist at any developmental stage, sharing common resources (light, water, and/or soil nutrients). The presence of each of the component species is normally quantified as a proportion of the number of stems or of basal area, although volume, biomass or canopy cover as well as proportions by occupied stand area may be used for specific objectives. A variety of structures and patterns of mixtures can occur, and the interactions between the component species and their relative proportions may change over time. The research perspectives identified are (i) species interactions and responses to hazards, (ii) the concept of maximum density in mixed forests, (iii) conversion of monocultures to mixed-species forest and (iv) economic valuation of ecosystem services provided by mixed forests. Research highlights: The definition is considered a high-level one which encompasses previous attempts to define mixed forests. Current fields of research indicate that gradient studies, experimental design approaches, and model simulations are key topics providing new research opportunities.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe networking in this study has been supported by COST Action FP1206 EuMIXFOR.
dc.publisherInstituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA)
dc.relation.isformatofReproducció del document publicat a:
dc.relation.ispartofForest Systems, 2014, vol. 23, num. 3, p. 518-533
dc.rightscc-by (c) Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), 2014
dc.subjectCOST Action
dc.subjectMixed-species forests
dc.subjectAdmixtures of species
dc.titleEuropean Mixed Forests: Definition and research perspectives

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cc-by (c) Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), 2014
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as cc-by (c) Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), 2014