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dc.contributor.authorGinja, Catarina
dc.contributor.authorGama, Luis Telo
dc.contributor.authorCortés, Oscar
dc.contributor.authorMartin Burriel, Inmaculada
dc.contributor.authorVega Pla, José Luis
dc.contributor.authorPenedo, Cecilia
dc.contributor.authorSponenberg, D. Phillip
dc.contributor.authorCañon Ferreras, Javier
dc.contributor.authorSanz, Arianne
dc.contributor.authorEgito, Andrea Alves do
dc.contributor.authorAlvarez, Luz Angela
dc.contributor.authorGiovambattista, Guillermo
dc.contributor.authorAgha, Saif
dc.contributor.authorRogberg-Muñoz, Andrés
dc.contributor.authorCassiano Lara, Maria Aparecida
dc.contributor.authorBioBovis Consortium
dc.contributor.authorDelgado, Juan Vicente
dc.contributor.authorMartinez, Amparo
dc.contributor.authorParés Casanova, Pere-Miquel
dc.description.abstractCattle imported from the Iberian Peninsula spread throughout America in the early years of discovery and colonization to originate Creole breeds, which adapted to a wide diversity of environments and later received influences from other origins, including zebu cattle in more recent years. We analyzed uniparental genetic markers and autosomal microsatellites in DNA samples from 114 cattle breeds distributed worldwide, including 40 Creole breeds representing the whole American continent, and samples from the Iberian Peninsula, British islands, Continental Europe, Africa and American zebu. We show that Creole breeds differ considerably from each other, and most have their own identity or group with others from neighboring regions. Results with mtDNA indicate that T1c-lineages are rare in Iberia but common in Africa and are well represented in Creoles from Brazil and Colombia, lending support to a direct African influence on Creoles. This is reinforced by the sharing of a unique Y-haplotype between cattle from Mozambique and Creoles from Argentina. Autosomal microsatellites indicate that Creoles occupy an intermediate position between African and European breeds, and some Creoles show a clear Iberian signature. Our results confirm the mixed ancestry of American Creole cattle and the role that African cattle have played in their development.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by Animal Breeding Consulting S.L., Córdoba, Spain. This work was partially funded by the Veterinary Genetics Laboratory, University of California, Davis, VELOGEN S.L., Madrid, Spain and by Grupo de Referencia A19-17R LAGENBIO from Gobierno de Aragon/Fondo Social Europeo. C.G. was supported by Fundação Nacional para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT), Portugal, Investigador FCT Grant IF/00866/2014, and Project grant PTDC/CVTLIV/2827/2014 co-funded by COMPETE 2020 POCI-01-0145-FEDER-016647. The authors thank the collaboration of breeders, breed associations and “Red Iberoamericana Sobre la Conservacion de la Biodiversidad de Animales Domesticos Locales para el Desarollo Rural Sostenible (Red CONBIAND)” for the sharing of biological samples. Members of the CYTED XII-H and CONBIAND networks are thanked for valuable cooperation over the years. Authors thank Juan Antonio Pereira (FCV-UAGRM, Bolivia) and Olivier Hanotte for their support with sampling Criollo Yacumeño and Eastern Shorthorn Zebu respectively.
dc.publisherSpringer Nature Publishing AG
dc.relation.isformatofReproducció del document publicat a:
dc.relation.ispartofScientific Reports, 2019, vol. 9, num. 11486, p. 1-16
dc.rightscc-by (c) Ginja, Catarina et al., 2019
dc.subjectAnimal breeding
dc.subjectStructural variation
dc.titleThe genetic ancestry of American Creole cattle inferred from uniparental and autosomal genetic markers

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